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Title Page                                                                                                                 i

Declaration                                                                                                              ii

Certification                                                                                                            iii

Approval Page                                                                                                        iv

Dedication                                                                                                                v

Acknowledgements                                                                                                vi

Table of Contents                                                                                                 vii

Abstract                                                                                                                   ix



INTRODUCTION                                                                                                   1

  • Background to the Study 1
  • Statement of the Problem 3
  • Research Questions 5
  • Purpose of the Study 5

1.5       Significance of the Study                                                                            6

1.6       Scope of the Study                                                                                       7

1.7       Limitations of the Study                                                                              7

1.8       Definition of Terms                                                                                      8

1.9       Organization of the Study                                                                           11




2.1     Literature review                                                                                           13

2.2     Theoretical Framework                                                                                36




3.1 Research design                                                                                                 39

3.2 Area of the Study                                                                                               40

3.3 Population of the Study                                                                                    40

3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                                  41

3.5 Methods of Data Collection                                                                             42

3.6 Instruments for Data Collection                                                                      43

3.7 Reliability of the Instrument                                                                            43

3.8 Validity of the Instrument                                                                                43

3.9 Distribution and Retrieval of Instrument                                                        44

3.10 Methods of Data Analysis                                                                              44




4.1 Data Presentation                                                                                              45

4.2 Analysis of Research Questions                                                                      50

4.3 Test of Hypothesis                                                                                            51

4.3 Interpretation of Results                                                                                   52




5.1 Summary of findings                                                                                        55

5.2 Conclusion                                                                                                         55

5.3 Recommendations                                                                                             56

References                                                                                                    58

Appendix  A                                                                                                 59

Appendix B                                                                                                  60
























            This project work deals on “the impact of welfare scheme on the motivation of workers in public service” using NTA Enugu as a case study. The aim of this study is to examine the welfare scheme enjoyed by workers performance in NTA Enugu also to determine the extent to which this welfare scheme motivate workers performance in NTA Enugu. And the need for this study lies on the facts that the provision of staff welfare scheme will motivate the workers for greater performance toward efficiency and effectiveness, the two null hypothesis investigated in this research are “Ho” welfare scheme does not motivate workers performance in NTA Enugu.







The need for welfare scheme as a motivation tool on workers in public services cannot be over emphasized. Public as well as private enterprise tends to increase productivity in their work place and welfare scheme and packages have great influence as it can be used as one of the measure to motivate workers in public services.

Government provides services or facilities to their workers not only on humanitarian bases but also because of pecuniary gain derivable from such services or facilities. However it is good for government to be genuinely interested in the welfare of his workers anxiety, worries, family and financial crisis suffered by workers do adversely affect their performance. It is therefore in government interest to assist in removing or reducing these problems and making the workers comfortable while at work. Welfare scheme to be provided by government must as much as possible reflect his good intension towards his workers rather than workers perceiving such services as a right or entitlement.

Nigeria television authority was inaugurated in Many 1977 although decree 24 of 1977 was promulgated in March 1977 having affected on April 1976 by that decree the Nigeria television authority became the only body empowered to undertake television broadcasting in Nigeria.

In 1977 when the NTA was inaugurated, there were seven (7) stations with three (3) in their final stage or commissioning whilst the other states had non at all. By December 1979 there were schedule television broadcast from every state capital in the country.


The decree established the NTA provides for one national broad and six zonal boards. The national board has overall responsibilities for policy and standards and remains the corporate legal entity with the director general as chief executives, departmental director of engineering news, finance, programmes, legal and manpower resources assisted him at headquarters. It the duty of the zone to ensure that programmes broadcast conforms to the national policies and standard of NTA the production center which is the third tie with NTA does the actual making of programmes. It is headed by a general manager and staff strengthen in the oldest station number up to 200.

The Nigeria television authority NTA is the largest TV network in Africa as well as one of the oldest and the most accomplished indigenous broadcast outfit in Nigeria. The authority was outfit in Nigeria. The authority was established on 1977 with the fusion of the first generation television station across the country into one autonomous organization.

The NTA has over the years distinguished itself as a force in the field of television broadcast globally. Its qualify programme has received numerous awards at international competitions and festivals.


In early days of cooperation activities, government sees no need for welfare scheme. They do not tend to motivate their workers as there was no measurement on workers performance and motivation was far from serving as a means of increasing productivity. Hence workers were responsible for the provision of all welfare they needed at this stage workers were not well remunerated and their welfare was not at the organization diary. Government went home with all the profits pretending to offer essential services while the workers bears agony alone incase of loose and work condition at the work place.

The emerges of theories ushers in series of common research which developed schools of thought thereby giving management and trade union sense of becoming on the effect of welfare scheme on motivation of workers performance, but the case remains the provision and its implementation by the government and its administrators, partly because on places where they are introduced, there are problems associated with its impact on the motivation of workers while in many other places they were ignored or worst still does not exist because they are not seen as a measure to increase productivity.

Problems associated with the impact of welfare scheme on the motivation of workers have led to the failure of its administration or implementation.


The following are the research questions

i           To what extent does welfare scheme motivates the workers of NTA Enugu?

ii          What are the welfare schemes employed by the workers of NTA Enugu?

iii        Are there problems associated with the implementation of welfare scheme in NTA Enugu?

iv         Is there any relationship between welfare scheme and workers performance?



In pursuance of this research work, the following are the objectives of the study.

i           To identify welfare scheme enjoyed by workers of NTA Enugu

ii          To determine the extent to which the welfare scheme motivates workers in NTA Enugu.

iii        To examine/identify the problems associate with the implementation of welfare scheme in NTA Enugu.

iv         To examine the relationship between welfare and workers performance

v          To find out the effect of finance to motivate as a welfare scheme.



The administrators government agencies machineries and academic have not helped on laying solid foundation for the formulation of adequate measures in implementation of welfare scheme as its measure tends not to motivate workers.

However, these studies have failed to established or addressed the problems associated with the provision as well as implementing welfare scheme towards motivation, all these tends to have created problems of choice in administration of different strategies in achieving the desired goals. This study is therefore set to use empirical data on Nigeria to model as well as predict possible measures for easy implementation. This study will be significant in this ways.

The findings will be of use in extending the body of existing knowledge. This would be of great benefit to different individuals, groups, policy makers, researchers, government and its agencies.

Moreso, future or further researchers would in no small measure find this a useful spring broad from which they can lunch themselves into the field for more investigation.



The coverage area of this study in Nigeria Television Authority NTA Enugu in which the impact of welfare scheme on the motivation of workers is focused.

The choice of NTA is necessitated by the fact that it may not be very easy under prevailing economic conditions to study all the firms in the industry


NTA is a premier and renewed company in Enugu and is suitable for carryout this research work. A lot of constraints exerted by such factors like time, finance, lack of material and the attitude of the respondents.


MOTIVATION: Is the willingness to exert high level of effort towards organizational goal conditioned by the effort, ability to satisfy some individual need.

PRECUNIARY: Relating to or connected with money

PRODUCTION: The rate at which a worker, a company or a country produces goods and the amount produced, compared with how much time, work and money is needed to produce them.

REMUNERATED: An amount of money that is paid to somebody for work they have done.

PREMIER: Most important famous or successful.



This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (background of the study), statement of the problem, objectives of the study, research questions, significance of the study, scope of the study etc. Chapter two being the review of the related literature presents the theoretical framework, conceptual framework and other areas concerning the subject matter.     Chapter three is a research methodology covers deals on the research design and methods adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.



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