Page Length: 55

Size: 128 KB

Format: PDF & Word

3,000.00

LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES       
Table 1– 
Table 2– 
Table 3– 
Table 4– 
Figure 1– 
Figure 2– 

 

 

    TABLE OF CONTENTS    
Title Page
Certification  
Dedication 
Acknowledgment 
List of Tables and Figures—- —   — 
Table of Contents 
Abstract 
CHAPTER ONE          
1.0Introduction 
1.2Background of the Study 
CHAPTER TWO         
2.0Literature Review 
2.1Desmodium velutinum 
2.1.2 Biological and Medicinal 
2.1.3 Uses of other species Desmodium velutinum 
2.2Plants for Antilipidemic 
2.2.1 Advantage of Medicinal Plants for Antilipidemic/   
 Cardiovascular Diseases over Synthetic Drugs 
2.3Lipids and Lipoprotein 
2.3.1 Classification of Lipoprotein 

 

 

2.3.2 Function of lipoprotein 
2.4Lipoprotein Disorder — 
2.5Antilipidemic Drug (Atorvastatin) 
2.5.1 Other Antilipidemic Drugs 
2.5.2 Other therapies 
2.5.3 Health Side Effects of Atorvastatin 
CHAPTER THREE         
Materials and Methods 
3.1Materials — 
3.1.1 Chemicals and Reagents 
3.2Plant Material -Collection and Identification 
3.3Extraction 
3.4Phytochemical Analysis 
3.5Experimental Animal Model 
3.6Collection of Blood Samples 
3.7Lipid Profile Analysis 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

 

RESULT

 

4.0Statically Analysis   — 
4.1Phytochemical Results 

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE          
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION       
5.1Discussion 
5.2Conclusion 
References  — 

 

ABSTRACT

 

This study evaluated the antilipidemic activity of water extracts from leaves of Desmodium velutinum on albino wistar rats. The phytochemical analysis of the leaf extract showed the presence of tannins, saponins, alkaloids, soluble carbohydrates, flavonoids, reducing sugar, steroids, cyanide and terpenoids. The animals were treated with known drugs (atorvastatin 2ml). There were significantly reductions in HDL 13.00 1.41 mg/dl LDL 1.20 0.14 mg/dl and triglyceride 39.00 0.14 mg/dl, compared with water extract of Desmodium velutinum (0.5ml). when administered was found to significantly reduce lipid plasma which was LDL 1.90 0.00mg/dl, triglyceride 50.00 0.00mg/dl and increase HDL 25.00 0.00 mg/dl which is the good cholesterol. The water extract of Desmodium velutinum leaf can possibly normalize the plasma lipid when compared with the group given atorvastatin. The phytochemicals analysis showed that the association between these complexes and compounds and other constituent play an important role in the biological activity of the leaf. This study suggested that the water extract of D.velutinum leaf posses hypolipidemic as well as antilipidemic effect.

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

 

  • BACKGROUND OF STUDY

 

Lipid  and  lipoprotein  abnormalities  play  a  major  role  in  the

 

development and progression of coronary artery diseases. Low levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterols have been identified as independent coronary risk factors (Rodrigue et al., 2010). High level of blood cholesterol is responsible for circulatory system disorder. Increase level of low density lipoprotein (LDL) is alarming for cardiovascular diseases and their risk is increased many times (Harman et al., 2011).

 

In developing countries, the occurrence of heart diseases increases rapidly (Nordestgard et al., 2010). Medical studies show that about 70% of adults over 50 years old suffer atherosclerosis. (Sherien and Azza, 2009). A large number of synthetic hypolipidemic drugs are available in market. Long term use of these drugs cause serious side effects, and are costly.

 

A medicinal plant is any plant which in one or more of its organ, contains substance that can be used for therapeutic purpose or which is a precursor for synthesis of useful drugs (Sivakumar et al., 2007). Plant contains a large number of bioactive phytochemicals that are responsible for pharmacological action of plants and used for development of drugs. Many

 

 

medicinal plants have shown their antilipidemic effect and proved their efficacy in cardiovascular diseases (Nordestgard et al., 2010; Wang, 1999).

 

One of such plants used very often in the management of the disease by the traditional medicine practitioners of Eastern Nigeria is Desmodium velutium, a perennial plant erect or semi-erect shrub or sub-shrub up to 3m light. It is widely distributed in subtropical Asia and tropical Africa. (Amowi and Azode, 2012).

 

Extracts of Desmodium velutium are used traditionally in some disease conditions particularly aphrodisiac and headache. Hence,

 

Desomdium velutium may be a source of a pharmacological active agent useful in the treatment of aches, pains and diarrhoea. In Ghana, native doctors mix the root of Desmodium lasincarpum with some hot peppers and use it as enema to cure blood in urine. In Eastern States of Nigeria, the plant locally known as “Ikeagwuani”. (Onyegbule et al., 2012). In these present studies, I investigated the antilipidemic activity of the water (H2O) extract of

 

Desmodium velutinum Leaves on albino wistar rats.

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE WORK

DISCLAIMER: All project works, files and documents posted on this website, eProjectTopics.com are the property/copyright of their respective owners. They are for research reference/guidance purposes only and some of the works may be crowd-sourced. Please don’t submit someone’s work as your own to avoid plagiarism and its consequences. Use it as a reference/citation/guidance purpose only and not copy the work word for word (verbatim). The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own study. eProjectTopics.com is a repository of research works where works are uploaded for research guidance. Our aim of providing this work is to help you eradicate the stress of going from one school library to another in search of research materials. This is a legal service because all tertiary institutions permit their students to read previous works, projects, books, articles, journals or papers while developing their own works. This is where the need for literature review comes in. “What a good artist understands is that nothing comes from nowhere. The paid subscription on eProjectTopics.com is a means by which the website is maintained to support Open Education. If you see your work posted here by any means, and you want it to be removed/credited, please contact us with the web address link to the work. We will reply to and honour every request. Please notice it may take up to 24 – 48 hours to process your request.

WeCreativez WhatsApp Support
Administrator (Online)
Hello and welcome. I am online and ready to help you via WhatsApp chat. Let me know if you need my assistance.