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Crime is an inevitable phenomenon in human existence because human beings are hedonistic
in nature (pleasure seeking in nature). The rate at which teenagers and youths in the society
commit crime cannot be overemphasized. Crime in schools is one of the most disturbing
societal problems in the society today. The crime does not affect only the offender, victim or
witness but it affects societal growth and stability at large.
A crime is an act committed or omitted, in violation of a public law, either forbidding or
commanding it; a breach or violation of some public right or duty due to whole community,
considered as a community. In its social aggregate capacity, as distinguished from a civil
injury. (Wilkins v. u. s).
Crime is again defined as an intentional act or omission in violation of criminal law,
statutory, case law committed without defense or justification and sanctioned by the state as a
felony or misdemeanor. (Paul Tappan 1947)
Crime and criminal behavior is hard to define. This is due to the varying norms and
ideologies in different societies, what is seen as a crime in a society will be part of the norms
of another. A United Nations research institute observed that:
Crime, in the sense of a breach of legal prohibition, is a universal concept, but what
actually constitutes a crime and how seriously it should be regarded, varies enormously from
one society to another. Perceptions of crime are not determined by any objective indicator of
the degree of injury or damage but by cultural values and power relations.
Various means have been provided to reduce the criminal behaviors amongst youth and
various resources have been directed at developing various means of reducing criminal
behaviors amongst students. Such means includes payment of fine, community service,
rehabilitation, juvenile prison just to mention a few. But these various means have failed in
achieving the means for which they were established, they have failed in reducing crimes in
the society and also in reducing the high rate of recidivism in the society. The activities of
students have long been subject to public concerns such as examination malpractice, physical
assault, sexual assault, theft, bullying, and most times students always categorize some
crimes as less crimes and this makes them commit some offences as if they were normal, this
includes indecent dressing, going late for lectures just to mention a few.
In order to ensure the reduction of criminal behavior in schools, there should be an effective
model put in place to ensure the reduction of criminal behaviors in schools. The main focus
is to continue the downward trends in the high volume crime and to intervene in the increase
of recidivism and effectiveness and efficiency of the intervention in addressing the behavior
of the youth and the causes of such behavior and their needs.
The history of criminal behavior in institutions has been seen to have grown over the years. This
shows that this area of criminal acts among students have been neglected in that the same
solution have been applied to the increase of these criminal behaviors in students and this has not
yielded any positive result over the years.
Some of the problems include;
• Increase in crime rate in the institutions
• There is no standard measure of tackling criminal behaviors among students
• Increase in victimization among students
• Rise of tension among students
The broad objective of the study is to evaluate the criminal behaviors of students of private
institutions and to examine measures of reducing criminal behavior. Specific objectives include:
 To identify the criminal behaviors of students in both Afe Babalola University and
Bowen university
 To compare the trend of criminal activities in both institutions
 To compare both institutions students disciplinary committee with the intent of knowing
how effective they have been in reducing crime
 To analyze the success that has been achieved in reducing the crime
 To identify the challenges faced in reducing criminal behavior
 How does criminal behavior affect the institution?
 Can criminal behaviors in private universities be eradicated completely?
 To what extent has the human and material resources directed at reducing crime in
institution helped in reducing crime effectively?
This study shall contribute to the already existing body of study of criminal behavior and serve
as reference for further researches on this study. It will contribute to the already existing
measures of reducing criminal behaviors in private universities in order to prevent such actions
from affecting the offenders, victims, and the institution and to also prevent future recidivism. It
will contribute to the efforts directed at curbing criminal behaviors in the private institutions to
ensure it does not affect the society at large. It will also contribute to building individual
understanding on crime and criminal behavior, why crime and ways of relating with such
behavior. This study will basically provide information to private institutions (both students and
the authority) and public institution as well as the government on the best way to tackle criminal
behavior among students in the society.
This study is designed to study criminal behaviors among students of private universities and
how such behaviors affects the victims and the institution at large, also the study will analyze
and compare the way criminal behaviors are been reduced in the institutions. Specifically, this
work shall involve studying criminal behaviors of student in private universities though focusing
on the criminal behaviors of students in Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State and
Bowen University Iwo Osun State to know why they commit crime and to study their various
measures of reducing such criminal behaviors.
During the course of this study some words would be put to use. Below are some words and their
Crime: This can be defined as an act of commission or omission which is prohibited by criminal
law punishable by fine or imprisonment. Crime is the commission or omission; failure to do ore
act of doing any act which is prohibited or required by the criminal code of an organization,
institution or a state.
Recidivism: The act of a person repeating an undesirable behavior after he or she has either
experienced negative consequences of that behavior, or has been treated or trained to extinguish
that behavior.
Victim: An aggrieved or disadvantaged party in a crime. A person who suffers any injury, loss or
damage as a result of a voluntary undertaking.
Delinquent: An act of misconduct by a person under 18.
Deviance: Actions that violate formal and informal cultural norms.
Violence: Action intended to cause destruction, pain or suffering.
Behavior: The way a person acts. The way of life of a person or group of people.
Criminal: A person who is guilty of a crime, notably breaking the law.
This research work shall comprise five chapters. Chapter one will be the introduction which
deals with the background to the study, statement of research problems, research questions,
research hypothesis, objectives of the study, significance of the study, operationalization of
concepts, and organization of the study; as dully presented here in this section. Chapter two
covers the literature review which consists of the conceptual clarification and theoretical frame
work. Chapter three is for the research methodology; Chapter four shall be a presentation,
analysis and interpretation of the primary data gathered from the field work. Finally, chapter five
shall conclude the research work by providing a research summary, findings, conclusion and
recommendation of the study.


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