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Online legal practitioner representation system is a legal platform that is aimed at curtailing the problems encountered in the old system where appellants were compelled to seek for legal representation house by house and often time ending up with lawyers who has no inclination in their area of petition. The system is designed to successfully communicate legal activities on the web by making lawyers’ profile available on the internet for appellants, thereby allowing for a more transparent judicial system. This work was motivated by the author’s love for justice and fairness as many people over the years has lost cases that should have been ruled to their as a result of not having a qualified lawyer. In order to gather valid information, the author had to use both primary and secondary means of data sourcing because he believed there is need for him to hear and as well put himself in the shoes of the appellants by interviewing them, coupled with his previous observation and also consulting published articles related to field under study. The author found out that the inability of most lawyers to effectively represent their client in the lawsuit was a prevalent issue because of their lack of expertise in the said filed suit. The method of design adopted for this project was Iterative System Design and it was implemented using PHP, MySql and CSS. To conclude, integrated documentation and knowledge based computerized services in information system is a tremendous means to help legal professionals in their daily practice and also improve the quality of law firms, therefore, this work is recommended to all law firms, as it would help in building a more interactive legal system.




Title page                                                                                                    i

Certification                                                                                                         ii

Approval page                                                                                           iii

Dedication                                                                                                  iv

Acknowledgement                                                                                      v

Abstract                                                                                                      vi

Table of Content                                                                                         vii

List of Tables                                                                                              xi

List of Figures                                                                                            xii

Chapter one: Introduction                                                                        1

  • Historical background of the study 2
  • Statement of the problem 3
  • Objectives of the study 3
  • Scope and limitation of the study 4
  • Importance of the study 4
  • Definition of terms 4

Chapter two: Review of related literature                                                          7

2.1     Legal Aid and Access to Justice                                                                  13

Chapter three: System investigation and analysis                                   18

3.1     Applied method of investigation                                                       18

3.2     Facts identified                                                                                  19

3.2.1  Organizational chart                                                                         20

3.2.2  Procedure chart                                                                                 22

3.3     Analysis of the current system                                                                   22

3.3.1  Input of the current system                                                               23

3.3.2  Output of the old system                                                                            24

3.4     proposal of a new system                                                                 24

3.5     benefits of a new system                                                                             24

3.6     approach to the new system                                                             25

3.7     justification of the new system                                                                   25

Chapter four: Design methodology                                                          27

  • Objectives of the new system 27
  • System block diagram 28

4.2.1 System flowchart                                                                              29

4.2.2 Main menu                                                                                        30

4.3 Output design                                                                                       31

4.3.1 Output fields description                                                                            32

4.3.2 Output file                                                                                         33

4.4 Input design                                                                                          34

4.5 Program design                                                                                     36

4.6 Database Design                                                                                   38

4.6.1 Entity Relationship Diagram                                                             39

4.6.2 Database structure                                                                                      40

4.7 Flowcharts of the modules to be programmed                                               43

4.8 Data dictionary                                                                                     50

4.9 Programming language of choice                                                          54

Chapter five: System documentation and implementation                     55

5.1 Hardware operating system requirement for the system to run            55

5.2 Software requirement                                                                                     55

  • How to install the system 56
  • Training of the system’s administrator 57
  • Implementation details 57
  • System testing 57
  • File conversion 58
  • Change over procedure 58

Recommendation                                                                                        59

  • Maintenance Details                                                                         59

Chapter six: Summary, conclusion and recommendation                      61

  • Summary 61
  • Conclusion 61
  • Recommendation 62

References                                                                                                  63

Appendix A                                                                                                         65

Appendix B                                                                                                         69




Table 4.1: Output field description                                                             32

Table. 4.2: Input Fields Description                                                           34

Table 4.3: Description of database fields                                                    38

Table 4.4: A Data Dictionary Table                                                           50



Fig. 3.1: Organizational Chart of Customary Court, Afikpo                      20

Fig. 3.2: Procedural Chart of the Old System                                                       22

Fig. 4.1: Iterative system design model                                                       27

Fig. 4.2: A System Block Diagram                                                             28

Fig. 4.3: A System Flowchart                                                                              30

Fig. 4.4: System’s Main Menu                                                                   31

Fig. 4.5: A Typical Output File                                                                            33

Fig. 4.6: Database design                                                                            38

Fig. 4.7: ER Diagram                                                                                  39

Fig. 4.8: The Home module flowchart                                                                  43

Fig. 4.9: The About Us module flowchart                                                  43

Fig. 4.10. The search result module’s flowchart                                         44

Fig. 4.11. The Create Account Module flowchart                                       45

Fig. 4.12. The member login module’s flowchart                                       46

Fig. 4.13. The Admin login module’s flowchart                                         47

Fig. 4.14. The profile module’s flowchart.                                                 48

Fig. 4.15. The member_db module’s flowchart.                                         49

Fig. 5. Home module’s screen shut                                                             65

Fig. 6. About module’s screen shut                                                            65

Fig. 7. Searchresult module’s screen shut                                                   66

Fig. 8. Create Account module’s screen shut                                                       66

Fig. 9. Login module’s screen shut                                                             67

Fig. 10. Profile module’s screen shut                                                                   67

Fig. 11. Edit Profile module’s screen shut                                                  68

Fig. 11. Member_Db module’s screen shut                                                68














Title page


Approval page



List of figures

List of tables

Table of content


Chapter one: Introduction                                                              1


  • Historical background of the study 2
  • Statement of the problem 3
  • Objectives of the study 3
  • Scope and limitation of the study 4
  • Importance of the study 4
  • Definition of terms 4

Chapter two: Review of related literature                                                7

2.1     Legal Aid and Access to Justice                                                        13

Chapter three: System investigation and analysis                          18

3.1     Applied method of investigation                                             18

3.2     Facts identified                                                                        19

3.2.1  Organizational chart                                                                20

3.2.2  Procedure chart                                                                       22

3.3     Analysis of the current system                                                          22

3.3.1  Input of the current system                                                     23

3.3.2  Output of the old system                                                                  24

3.4     proposal of a new system                                                       24

3.5     benefits of a new system                                                                   24

3.6     approach to the new system                                                    25

3.7     justification of the new system                                                          25

Chapter four: Design methodology                                                 27

  • Objectives of the new system 27
  • System block diagram 28

4.2.1 System flowchart                                                                     29

4.2.2 Main menu                                                                               30

4.3 Output design                                                                             31

4.3.1 Output fields description                                                                   32

4.3.2 Output file                                                                               33

4.4 Input design                                                                                34

4.5 Program design                                                                           36

4.6 Database                                                                                     38

4.7 Flowcharts of the modules to be programmed                                     42

4.8 Data dictionary                                                                           49

4.9 Programming language of choice                                                53

Chapter five: System documentation and implementation            54

5.1 Hardware operating system requirement for the system to run 54

5.2 Software requirement                                                                           54

5.3 How to install the system                                                           55

  • Training of the system’s administrator                                  56
  • Implementation details                                                           56
  • System testing 56
  • File conversion 57
  • Change over procedure 57

Recommendation                                                                              58

  • maintenance details                                                                58

Chapter six: Summary, conclusion and recommendation             60

  • Summary 60
  • Conclusion 60
  • Recommendation 61

References                                                                                         62

Appendix A                                                                                                64

Appendix B                                                                                                68

















For most people, hiring a lawyer is one of the things they wish they never have to go through because it involves a big commitment of employing another individual to represent your interest adequately by ensuring that whatever reason you employed them for, is achieved quickly and smoothly. Understanding the scope of the issue for which one wishes to hire a lawyer is always pertinent as it usually helps to know the kind of lawyer to look for.

The online legal practitioner representation system is a legal platform that is aimed at ameliorating the problem encountered in the old system where both search parties (appellants and respondents) limited their search scheme to only asking for recommendation of a good lawyer; usually from their friends and relatives who has had similar needs in the past. This method of asking for recommendation for a good lawyer has for long left the search parties at mercies of lawyers who has no inclination (expertise) on the said filed suit, thereby resulting to inefficient representation. To solve the above problem of inefficient legal representation, this system makes available the profile of lawyers (Barristers and Solicitors) on the internet for the general public, thereby enabling them to make a better choice as to the lawyer that will best suit their need, after comparing the available profiles.

The online legal practitioner representation system cuts across all facets of life where law plays a role and other activities which postulates and requires the use of legal knowledge and skill which adopts legal process.

  • Historical Background of the Study

Over the years, people in a quest to be effectively represented in a lawsuit, has limited their search scheme to only asking people to recommend a lawyer for them, usually because they have once had issues that required the services of a lawyer in the past.

There exists tens of thousands of lawyers in Nigeria and getting the one that best suits one’s need has for so long posed an unabatable threat.

The basic interest of a lawyer lies in protecting the interest of his client. Although, they are recognized as “learned fellow”, not all of them are suitable for all cases; lawyers has areas they specialize on. For instance, using a company lawyer for a criminal case, may not really go well as he or she is specialized in protecting the interest (properties, policies, right, etc) of an organization, but using a criminal lawyer will undoubtedly yield a positive result because that is where the lawyer specializes.

Most lawyers over the years has played the defense role inn suits whose scope is beyond their limit (expertise) and lawyers of Customary Court, Afikpo are not exception to this menace, though, such an act is usually triggered by the lawyer’s exigent needs which are capital intensive. Therefore, a system such as the online legal practitioner representation will help curb such menace.

  • Statement of the Problem

The present system used to hire a lawyer in Customary Court, Afikpo could be referred to as the manual system where both the appellants and the respondents goes from house to house seeking for legal representation and this in most cases usually result to a poor representation as they often end up getting a lawyer who is unskilled in their area of filed suit, thereby, making them loose a case that should have been ruled to their favor, had they a skilled lawyer.

  • Objectives of the Study

The objectives of this study are to enhance the concept of using an online legal practitioner representation system in Customary Court, Afikpo. Having such a platform as this running will help to achieve the following objectives

  1. Save the time and resources which appellants and respondents invests all in the name of looking for a lawyer.
  2. Give appellants and respondents equal chances for justices by making lawyers’ profile available for them to easily access.
  • Build a more transparent and interactive judicial system.
    • Scope and Limitation of the Study

This system centers only for Customary Court, Afikpo.

  • Importance of the Study

The benefits derivable from this work includes

  • It will help in ensuring that appellants and respondents hires an advocate who best suits their needs.
  • It will save time and cost of having to spend close to a month to get a good lawyer.
  • There is room for comparison; lawyers’ profile are made public, thereby allowing the users to compare their choices.
    • Definition of Terms
  • A LAWYER: A lawyer is a person who is learned and trained in law. He is qualified to advice people about the law and represent them in the law court.
  • A BARRISTER: A barrister is an individual who specifies proceedings and any appeal brought in connection with those proceedings.
  • APPELLANT: An appellant is one who takes a case to the court. He is also the complainant.
  • RESPONDENT: This is a person who is responding to the complaint. He defends a claim.
  • LITIGATION: This is a process of making or defending a claim (case) in a law court.
  • LEGAL REPRESENTATION: This is a process where a lawyer stands in for his/her client interest in a law suit.
  • JUDGES: The judge leads in a proceeding and has the authority to decide on who the offender is.
  • PROCEEDINGS: This is an activity carried out in a law court in a bid to settle a dispute.
  • APPEAL: This can be a formal request for a judgment to be passed on a case.
  • MOTION: A written or oral application made to a court or judge to obtain a ruling or order directing that some act be done in favor of the applicant. The applicant is known as the ‘’Moving Party” or simply the “Movant”.
  • DEFENDANT: An individual, company or institution sued or accused in a law court.
  • SOLICITOR: A member of the legal profession qualified to deal with conveyancing, the drawing up of wills, and other legal matters. A solicitor may also instruct barristers and represent clients in some courts.


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