1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Community Relations is a branch of Public Relations that has emerged from what used to
be referred to as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Community Relations is concerned
solely with how to create an enabling environment in the host community so that the company
can carry out its activities without any hindrance, but rather with the assistance and support of
host inhabitants. An example of an articulated community relations policy which must be
sensitive to local customs and the developmental aspirations of communities in the areas of
healthy, education, infrastructure and economic self-reliance have become expedient. Hence,
tangible and long-lasting projects that are beneficial to majority of the people must be embarked
upon. This is against the background that a healthy and enlightened rural community that is well
provided with infrastructure that can support co-ordinated economic activities will contribute
more significantly to local and national development efforts.
The community‟s perception of a company derives principally from the company‟s
employees who would be either good or bad ambassadors to the community. Their views and
feelings about their companies are transmitted to the community as a whole. Good community
relations, therefore, should be from the company itself. Employee and community relations can
be considered, to some extent, by having employees participate in community relations‟
activities. Such involvement can create an effective programme and boost employee morale.
Therefore, communities have realized that they cannot remain passive, and so are getting
to be more active and vocal in their expectations and demands. There are two reasons for this,
firstly, communities realize that business tend to gain more from them than the other way round.
In a lot of cases, communities are exploited by companies, Secondly, with business and
industries coming up in the communities, problems like pollution, over pollution, breakdown of
law and order, slums, inadequate health facilities and other such pockets of neglect, besiege the
community. Therefore, it is necessary for organisations/ businesses to be proactive and have
established community relations programme.
Dangote Cement’s Plant in Ogun State is one organisation whose business activities are
national. Commenced cement production in December 2011 and was officially inaugurated in
February 2012 by His Excellency Dr Goodluck Ebele Jonathan GCFR, President of the Federal
Republic of Nigeria. At a stroke, the Ibese plant transformed Nigeria into a nation self-sufficient
in cement production. The $850m Ibese plant has two 3-Smillion tonne lines built by Sinoma,
using state-of-the-art Chinese and European technology. It takes limestone from a nearby quarry
with an estimated reserve of 90 years. The plant is gas-fired for both kilns and power, with coal
back-ups for its kilns and diesel for its power plant. Work has already commenced to double the
size of the Ibese factory by building two more lines alongside the existing facility. The plant is
expected to have a capacity of 12 million tonnes per year by the end of 2014, providing ample
supplies for the rapidly growing South West region of Nigeria, as well as the ability to export
cement and clinker through Dangote Cement terminals in Lagos.
Since inception, the Group has experienced phenomenal growth on account of quality of
its goods and services, its focus on cost leadership and efficiency of its human capital. Today,
Dangote Group is a multi-billion Naira company poised to reach new heights, in every endeavor
competing with itself to better the past. The Group’s core business focus is to provide local, value
added products and services that meet the ‘basic needs’ of the populace. Through the construction
and operation of large scale manufacturing facilities in Nigeria and across Africa, the Group is
focused on building local manufacturing capacity to generate employment and provide basic
products for the people.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Consumers have diverse motivations, tastes and preferences. They constantly seek
solutions to these various state of deprivation(needs). And as they do these, they are guided or
influenced by certain decisions which could be internal and external. Internally, Consumers are
influenced by their belief system. And externally, they are influenced by their socio-economic
and cultural background . Since community relations activity are meant to influence consumer
patronage, and Dangote Cement Organisation in Ibese has had a dose of community relations
activities, this study therefore seeks to examine the impact of Dangote Cement community
relations activities on the patronage of consumers in Ibese community.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This study is designed to examine the impact of community relations on consumers‟
patronage in recent times among the people, Ibese in Ogun state. The Specific objectives of the
i. To find out whether Dangote Cement community relations activities profit everyone
in the community.
ii. To ascertain what makes consumer patronize Dangote cement.
iii. To examine the impact of community relations on consumer‟s patronage of Dangote
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
This research answers the following questions.
i. Does Dangote Cement community relations activities profit everyone in the
ii. What makes consumers patronize Dangote cement?
iii. What is the impact of community relations on consumers‟ patronage of Dangote
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The findings of this study will lay a thorough foundation on the study of the impact of
community relations on consumers‟ patronage on the society as a whole. Although a number
of empirical works has been done on the study of the impact of community relations on
consumers‟ patronage in different part of the world but not on the aspect of Dangote Cement,
this paper seeks to present an up-to-date empirical analysis of the aforementioned. This
study also serves as an additional fact finding work for other researchers who may be
interested in the subject of this research. The findings of the research work will also be
beneficial to the management of various organisations, community relation experts, as more
knowledge would be gained from the research work.
1. 6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this study are the residents of Ibese Community, in Ogun State, where Dangote
Cement Factory is located.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study is limited to the residents of Ibese Community, in Ogun State where Dangote Cement
Factory is located.
1.8 ORGANISATION OF THE STUDY
Chapter 1 of this study introduced the problem statement and described the specific problem
addressed in the study as well as the design components.
Chapter 2 presents a review literature and relevant research associated with the problem
addressed in the society.
Chapter 3 presents the methodology and procedures used for data collection and analysis.
Chapter 4 contains an analysis of the data and presentation of the results.
Chapter 5 offers a summary of findings, discussion, conclusions and recommendations for
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Community: Refers to the group of people residing in Ibese, Ogun State.
Relations: Refers to the relationship between the people of Ibese and Dangote Cement Factory.
Impact: Refers to the effect of something. It also refers to the response of residents of Ibese
Community relations activities of Dangote Cement factory.
Community Relations: Refers to the good activities carried out by Dangote Cement factory for
residents of Ibese community in Ogun state.
Consumer: Refers to residents of Ibese Community who patronize Dangote cement .
Patronage: Refers to the residents of Ibese community desire for Dangote Cement.
Ajala.V.O (2000).Managing General Community Relations in the Oil Industry.In Public
Relations Journal April, Vol 2. No 1
Bahl.S (1994) Making PR Work.Delhi: Wheeler Publishing.
Baskin, O. & C. Aronoff (1988) Public Relations: The Profession and the
Practice. Lowa WC. Brown Publishers.
Cutlip, S.M, A.H. Center G.M Broom (2000) Effective Public Relations, Upper
Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc.
Ekeocha, O. (2001) Conflicts and Community Relations Practice in the Oil Industry – An
SPDC Perspective. In Public Relations Journal. November, Vol.2, no 2
Peak, W.J. (1978) „Community Relations‟. In D. Lesly (ed.) Handbook of Public
Relations, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Peak.
Wilbur (2002) „Community Relations‟ Phillip Lesly (ed.) Mumbaij, Jaico Publishing
DISCLAIMER: All project works, files and documents posted on this website, eProjectTopics.com are the property/copyright of their respective owners. They are for research reference/guidance purposes only and some of the works may be crowd-sourced. Please don’t submit someone’s work as your own to avoid plagiarism and its consequences. Use it as a reference/citation/guidance purpose only and not copy the work word for word (verbatim). The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own study. eProjectTopics.com is a repository of research works where works are uploaded for research guidance. Our aim of providing this work is to help you eradicate the stress of going from one school library to another in search of research materials. This is a legal service because all tertiary institutions permit their students to read previous works, projects, books, articles, journals or papers while developing their own works. This is where the need for literature review comes in. “What a good artist understands is that nothing comes from nowhere. The paid subscription on eProjectTopics.com is a means by which the website is maintained to support Open Education. If you see your work posted here by any means, and you want it to be removed/credited, please contact us with the web address link to the work. We will reply to and honour every request. Please notice it may take up to 24 – 48 hours to process your request.