Page Length: 53

Size: 392 KB

Format: PDF & Word


Title page i
Dedication ii
Certification iii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgement v
Table of Content vi
List of Tables ix
Abstract ix
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem 3
1.3 Objectives of the study 3
1.4 Research questions 3
1.5 Scope of the study 4
1.6 Significance of the study 4
1.7 Operational definition of terms 4
2.1 Introduction 6
2.2 Review of concepts 6
2.2.1 The concept of child abuse 6
2.2.2 The concept of child labour 9
2.2.3 The concept of child trafficking 13
2.2.4 The concept of mass media 15
2.2.5 Review of related studies 16
2.4 Theoretical framework 18
2.5 Summary 18
3.1 Introduction 19
3.2 Research Design 19
3.3 Population of the Study 19
3.4 Sampling Technique/ Sampling 19
3.5 Description of the Research Instrument 20
3.6 Validity of data Gathering Instrument 20
3.7 Method of Data Collection 20
3.8 Method of Data Analysis 20
4.1 Introduction 21
4.2 Data Presentation and Analysis 21
4.3 Discussion of Findings 33
5.1 Introduction 37
5.2 Summary of Findings 37
5.3 Conclusion 37
5.4 Recommendations 38
5.5 Suggestion for Further Studies 38
References 39
Appendix i 41
Appendix ii 42
Demographic Data Tables
Table 1; Demographic Data on Sex 18
Table 2; what is your age bracket 19
Table 3; what is your occupation 19
Table 4; what is your Marital Status 20
Table 5; do you own a television set 20
Table 6; do you have access to television 21
Table 7; do you know How to operate it 21
Table 8; which channels do you prefer 21
Table 9; How often you watch AIT 22
Table 10; the kind of programmes aired on AIT 22
Table 11; which do you prefer 23
Table 12; when such programmes are aired 24
Table 13; what time are the programmes shown 24
Table 14; why do you prefer such programmes 25
Table 15; how familiar are you to these programmes 25
Table 16; would you say that television has been able to sentize the
Public on child abuse and labour 26
Table 17; what are your reactions to such programmes 26
Table 18; has it discouraged child abuse and labour 27
Table 19; Do you agree that AIT television has been able to educate the 28
Public to avoid physical, emotional and psychological maltreatment of children
Table 20; would you say that AIT television has been able to mount pressure on the government
to make child welfare policies? 30
The aim of this study was to analyze the Influence of African Independent Television as a
Watchdog against Child Abuse and labour with a particular focus to Child Trafficking. The study
made use of survey research method. Subjects were drawn from Gariki using the purposive
sampling technique. The study answered four research questions. From the research findings, it
was observed that the programmes aired on AIT helped in discouraging the practice of Child
Abuse and Labour. The study recommended that the government should embark on public
enlightenment programmes to educate the public on the social dangers of child abuse and labour,
as well as child trafficking.
1.1 Background of the Study
Child abuse and labour represents one of the most dehumanizing forms of human rights abuse.
Top on the hat of the slavery-like practices against children is child trafficking. Combating child
trafficking has gathered considerable momentum over the years with increased political
awareness regarding the phenomenon, as illustrated by the localized adoption and ratification of
international standards and important commitments undertaken in international conference by
different states.
In 2002, the African union reaffirmed its commitment to combat child trafficking. It identified
the elimination of human trafficking as an operational priority. Economic Community of West
African States (ECOWAS), in 2001 developed strategies to fight child trafficking for
exploitative labour purposes in West and Central Africa. In Africa, the first commitment to
combat trafficking is exemplified in Africa charter on the right or welfare of the child (1990).
In the United Nations (UN) protocol to prevent, suppress or punish trafficking in person
especially women and children. The United Nations convention against transitional organized
crime called Palermo protocols, defines human trafficking to mean the recruitment,
transportation, transfer, harboring as receipt of persons by means of threat, or use of force or
other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, abuse of power or of a position of
benefit, vulnerability, of the giving or receiving of payment to receive the consent of a person
having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation. (Arinze, 2006).
In order to mobilize effective efforts, political will and policy responses to prevent or combat
child trafficking, the international community reached a common consensus on a common
normative definition or trafficking in human beings which include various form of sexual
exploitation or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or removal of organs.
The focus of the provision stresses that trafficking for exploitative purposes should be considered
a crime and must be prosecuted. It‟s also stressed that national laws should be reviewed to ensure
compliance through legislative process the protocol as a model.
Prior to the time, the scale of child trafficking had been hard to determine as a result of
complete unavailability of databases on child trafficking or traffickers and above all the shameful
delay in the adoption and enactment of the child‟s rights law by state in the country.
According to Arinze(206):
The activities of some non-governmental organizations like women or child labour eradication.
Women trafficking and child labour eradication foundation (WOTCLEF) and India Renaissance
brought the issue of human trafficking especially child labour to the national discourse-and made
the wife of the former vice president Mrs. Titi Abubaeke to initiate or bill to the national
assembly in person. This action was followed by the establishment of National Agency for the
prohibition trafficking in persons and other related matters. The agency is to enforce the laws
against trafficking in persons, investigate or prosecute persons suspected to engage in trafficking
in persons or take change or coordinate the rehabilitation of victims of human trafficking.
Child trafficking takes place in most parts of the world. In Nigeria, the United Nations
International Children‟s Emergency fund (UNICEF) has identified 13 human trafficking endemic
states which include Edo, Ondo, Ebonyi, Imo, Rivers, Enugu, Ogun, Kano, Cross River, AkwaIbom or Delta States. Research has shown that child trafficking has become an intra cross
boarder and trans-national crime. Testimonies of victims of trafficking have shown that various
techniques are used by traffickers to trick children and their parents. Research has also shown
that there is a very powerful and highly organized network that is reaping substantial profits from
exploiting the convenience of international communication weakness of penal system and
vulnerability of parents and children.
African Independent Television, also known by its acronym AIT was pioneered by high chief,
Dr. Raymond Dokpesi, is a Nigerian satellite television station, a subsidiary of Da‟ar
communication plc, it was founded December 1996. AIT is the second largest commercial
television network in Africa, broadcasting the most talked about television and marking a major
contribution to African‟s culture, economy, and communities. Its programming mix includes the
more on top entertainment, soaps, drama, lifestyles, news and sport shows.
AIT channel 21 and AIT international share the same vision and a similar mission. AIT has a
unique mission that of sharing the African experience with the wider global community. AIT‟s
main task is to project Africa from a holistic African prospective.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Today in west and central Africa, it is acknowledged that agricultural fields, gold and
diamond mines, stone quarries and domestic work are areas where the working conditions of
children are often exploitative. Furthermore, changes in old cultural practices such as fostering,
handing over a child to a third party have been corrupted and abused. In recognition of the
challenges, child abuse pose to the atonement of human rights, security and sustainable
development and achievement of millemium development goals, the question this study seeks to
answer is; how has African Independent Television (AIT) Influenced the discouragement of
child abuse and labour with particular focus on child trafficking in Gariki of Abuja metropolis.
1.3 Objectives of the study
The study has the following objectives, they are:
1. To find out the kind of programmes relating to child abuse and labour aired on African
independent television.
2. To find out how popular these programmes are with the residents Gariki of Abuja metropolis.
3. To find out the reactions of the Gariki residents of Abuja metropolis to these programmes.
4. To find out how the programmes have helped in discouraging the practice of child abuse and
labour among the residents of Abuja metropolis.
1.4 Research Questions
The study answered the following research questions
1. What kind of programmes relating to child abuse and labour are aired on Africa Independent
television against child and labour?
2. How popular are these programmes to the residents of Abuja metropolis?
3. What are the reactions of the residents Gariki of Abuja metropolis to these programmes?
4 In what way have these programmes helped in discouraging the practice of child abuse
and labour among the residents of Abuja metropolis?
1.5 Scope of the study
The purpose of this study is to look at the influence of Africa independent television as a
watchdog against child abuse and labour with particular reference to child human trafficking.
This study is limited to the residents Gariki of Abuja metropolis.
1.6 Significance of the study
This study would serve as a reference material for both the students and researchers who may
have their study in line with the study‟s area of research.
The study will also be a useful guide for mass media organizations like the print and other
broadcast institutions in planning to educate the public on the consequences of child abuse and
1.7 Operational definitions of terms
Child Abuse: It is an act which constitutes all forms of physical and emotional ill-treatment,
sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other health, survival,
development or dignity in the context of a relationship or responsibility, trust or power.
Child Labour: It is the employment of children in any work that deprives them or that may
interfere with their education or endanger their health.
Child trafficking: trafficking is a modern form of slavery that involves displacing a child for the
purpose of exploitation. It is also the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring and or
receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation
Mass Media: The mass media are communication channels through which news, entertainment,
education, data, or promotional messages are disseminated. Example, television, radio,
newspapers, and magazines.
Child Trafficking: Child trafficking is a modern form of slavery that involves displacing a child
for the purpose of exploitation. It is also the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring and
or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation.


DISCLAIMER: All project works, files and documents posted on this website, are the property/copyright of their respective owners. They are for research reference/guidance purposes only and some of the works may be crowd-sourced. Please don’t submit someone’s work as your own to avoid plagiarism and its consequences. Use it as a reference/citation/guidance purpose only and not copy the work word for word (verbatim). The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own study. is a repository of research works where works are uploaded for research guidance. Our aim of providing this work is to help you eradicate the stress of going from one school library to another in search of research materials. This is a legal service because all tertiary institutions permit their students to read previous works, projects, books, articles, journals or papers while developing their own works. This is where the need for literature review comes in. “What a good artist understands is that nothing comes from nowhere. The paid subscription on is a means by which the website is maintained to support Open Education. If you see your work posted here by any means, and you want it to be removed/credited, please contact us with the web address link to the work. We will reply to and honour every request. Please notice it may take up to 24 – 48 hours to process your request.

WeCreativez WhatsApp Support
Administrator (Online)
Hello and welcome. I am online and ready to help you via WhatsApp chat. Let me know if you need my assistance.