Corruption remains the problem of Nigeria local government system and was the reason the researcher choose to write on impact of corruption in Nigeria local government system to findout the course and the impact of corruption in the system and also the protection solutions to those problems if possible. The research used questionnaire both structure and uninstructured where carrying out his research on the above topic. He mainly focused this on the staff of the local government council of Oji River. The researcher found out that the main cause of corruption for power, such as embezzlement , get rich synchronge etc another finding if that low productivity is major impact of corruption in local government council. Finally, the researcher recommended some ways of reducing corruption if not to eradicate it, such an anti-corruption both code of conducts delegating consade on moral value and finally the federal government should appoint an auditor general for local government and accountant for general for local government at the federal level.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
International attention focused on corruption in countries with developing economies has been largely targeted on local governments. Clark (2001) observed that “initial publications on corruption in African countries were concentrating on local government level”. This assumption can derive from the fact that local government as a sub unit of the national and state governments, has remained impervious to all reforms and reorganizations aimed at transforming it as a veritable instrument of national and grassroot development. Despite the efforts of the higher levels of government, (federal and state) to curb the menace of corruption, corruption still persists in the system, because most political office holders perceive local government as a veritable source where they can make quick money and amass wealth to make private investments which they will fall back on whenever their tenure expires and especially if they are not likely to be re-elected.
Local government is the government of the grass root level, every government whether federal, state or local government place a lot of emphasis of goods to achieve it therefore become imperative that local government must device standard guidelines to answer that it will perform the duties for which they were created to achieve.
The issue of corruption on local government in Nigeria has been a problem that had engaged the attention of many scholars and public commentators in recent times. Corruption is not restricted to Oji River local government alone as it is equally the same in other local government councils in Nigeria what I am therefore contending in their work is that apart from performance and accountability models acclaimed by Oji River local government council, the problem of corruption is still the order of day in the local government.
Oji River local government like every other local government is the third tiers of government which services as a vetride that transport the local people to the national government. Nigeria local governments of which Oji River is one of them have undergone several reforms which empowers it as the third tiers of government. Some at thses reforms include 1976, 1977 and 1980 reforms Ugwuonwu (1999:301) Oji River have been found with the problem of corruption such as lack of accountability dishonesty, fraudulent activities etc which have in one way or the other contributed to the poor development of the local government.
However, the local government throughout the country were attend in 1995 invite the leadership of General sani Abacha. The administration introduced the caretaker committee system with a chairman. Meanwhile asa no amendment have been made to the previous reforms and decress the power to make the bye-law with still rest or the council castler committee and chairman. As a result of short-term in office by the caretakers committee and chairman, within the short term they will stay, they will abandon the economic, social and political goals of the immoderation post government and divert local government resources to provide parts and these happen almost every time and its become a hinderance to local government development in Enugu.
During 2993-2006 because of state and local government joint account, when local government allocation come through joint account, some state governor will hijack the man meant for local government chairman permit as allociton, chairman then gave his political appointee small amount of money and put the remaining to his private account. For instance, one of the state in the sourth East each local government suppose to receive N7m but their general will transverse and gave chairmn of each local government N7m and asked them to sign that they collect at this has been a problem of local government development in Nigeria.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Local governments still have corrupt leaders disregard in the efforts made by the federal government to ensure efficient financial management on the local government system.
Ozor (2000:55), stated that the mismanagement of government funds, sometimes with the knowledge of government functionaries have been re-echoring in the various tribunals of inquiring throughout the country.
Corruption has become an intractable and disturbing issue boarding the local government system in Nigeria like any improved standard of living has encouraged people to sick for economic, social and political emancipation competitive spirit, equality before the law and nobody shall be marginalized. The and nobody shall be magargainlized. The moral people are witnessing low productivity, infact poverty is common among the majority of the people. For the fact that local council officials have allowed corruption to intrude their likes such as that the reserve allocation of people are confiscated by council officials have mode everybody to be interested in meeting up and in the process, atrocities, corruption of different types are potential and Penfield into the entire fabricated the local government.
This work would them set to find the answer to the following questions:
- What are the cause of corruption in Oji River local government.
- What are the effort of corruption on Oji River local government.
- How can corruption be minimized on Oji River local government.
1.3 Research Questions
For the purpose of this study the following research questions will be examined:
- What are the implications of anti-corruptions measures on local government development?
- What the cause of corruptions in local government in Nigeria.
- How doe inadequate attention to workers welfare constitute to problems in local government development?
1.4 Purpose of the study
The overall objective of this study is to ascertain the impact of corruption on local government in Nigeria using Oji River local government as a case study. The specified objectives include:
- To identify the causes of corruption at the local government.
- To proffer solution for the eradication of corruption in Nigeria local government.
- To proffer the need for corruption free and fair play at the local government.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
For effective performance of any administration, the watch word of such administration will be accountability, honesty and fair paly, so this study will help to reduce the level of corruption in the local government hence, the corruption in local government hence, the factor that contribute to the high level of corruption will be identified.
The research work is significance to the extent that hit will contribute tremendously to the knowledge of impact of corruption in Oji River local government council. The work also will be of the academic and administration usefulness to all Nigerians whio are interested in comprehending the nature, scope, and dimension has assumed in our society.
The society at large will gain from the study because whom corruption is reduce to the zero level and accountability, honesty and fair play become the order of the day, this will leed to development process, which up till now remains a mirage in our local government council. Lat but not the least, the findings, and recommendations of this study will help to minimize corruption and help to promote proper accountability honesty and fair play in Oji River local government.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study will cover leadership and corruption Enugu state local government Area.
The study was limited to Oji River local government council of Enugu state, which is chosen to be the case study starting from the time creation till date and the consequences of corruption council, official in the local government and other government agency which their activities affect the activities of local government.
1.7 Limitation of the study
This study was limited by one major factor which is time constraint, as the time for the research for the study was short especially when it had to be combined with lecturers studies and many other write ups. Another constrinats was insufficient of fund in terms of costs of materials for the study and transportation.
The study would have been extended to other local government n Enugu state in order to determine whether similar result could be obtained but time constraints and fund have limited the courage.
1.8 Definition of terms
- Corruption: it is behaviours, which denotes from the formal duties of a public office role because of private retarding, precautionary status gain and that violates rule against its exercise at financial situations and roles.
Ackenna (1996:34) capures the damaging cost of corruption to Nigeria over a relatively short period. It is clead from the foregoing that corruption have over the years, endangered a large tide of inefficiencies that lead to colossal extremely large) loses to economic growth.
It is dishonest behaviours it can be say to be a concept of using what you have to get what you want illegal. It is these activities concerning misuse of authority as a result of consideration of personal gains.
Finally, it is abuse of public trus.
- Local Government: It is government at the local level, it is the third tier of government in Nigeria. It is the government at the grass root level. It exercise through representative councils established by law to exercise power with defined areas. These power should affair as well as the staff and institutions projects so as to complement the activities of the state and federal government their areas.
- Development: It means to improve, to make progress, to change for better, higher income or better standard to increase the quality and quantity of goods and services available to the people and thereby the quality of the lives. It also means social and material advancement which enable people to give greater control of their environment.
- Government: This is about the most distinguishing work of statehood. A government, which has the power and the will to maintain peace, order and stability and to perform the required services and fulfill the international obligation of the state consist of the legislative, the executives and judiciary bodies as well as agencies, and institutions designed and develop to achieve the aim of the state.
1.9 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
The study will be contained in five (5) chapters. Chapter one will be the introduction part of the work which will also contain statement of the research problem, research question and purpose, the study scope the limitation encountered in the course of the work. Chapter two (2) will review related literatures in the study context, this will enable the researcher to know what that has been done by other writers as regards to the study. This same chapter will also present the theoretical framework and historical background of the case study. Chapter three (3) will contain the methodology for the work; survey design will be adopted so as to enable the researcher to generalize the result of the finding. Taro yamane sampling techniques will be adopted for selecting the sample size from the population while structured questionnaires will be used as instrument for data collection. Chapter four (4) will contain the presentation and analysis of the data collected with the questionnaires and finally, chapter five (5) will contain the conclusion, summary and some pragmatic recommendations made by the researcher.
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