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The project is filled local government system in Nigeria as an Instrument for  Rural development. The study is divided into three chapters.

Chapter one is further sub; divided as fellows :Introduction which gives details of what Local government is all about, background of study which emphasizes on the meaning and concept of local government under review.  It deals with Local government and rural development in the pre-colonial Nigeria.

There is also statement of problem.  The problems affecting local government, The objective of study and definition of terms. Chapter two is based on assessment of local government and rural development in rural development, in post-colonial Nigerians examined, it emphasis the effectiveness of Nigeria Local Government.  It also suggest a fundamental solution to the problem of local government in Nigeria

Chapter three is abased on summary, conclusion and recommendation.

In conclusion has shown that local  government system in Nigeria, since the colonial era has served as instrument of exploitation of the rural inhabitants.

The problem facing the Local government system in Nigeria must be sought in the political economy of Nigeria’s under-development mere reforms of local government cannot solve the problem facing it. Only a fundamental restricting of the entire economic structure of the Nigeria society is the answer.

Recommendation: The researcher maintained that they root of local government ineffectiveness as we mentioned earlier must be sought in the Socio-economic structure in Nigeria.  It is only this radical restricting of the existing socio-economic relations that will put an end to the country’s present development strategy and the exploitation role of local government and induced all levels of government, with a change of the present development strategy, it will be possible to transform the rural economy and this is in turn would enable Local government generate funds that it needs to operate.


Title page                                                                                 ii

Approval Page                                                                        iii

Dedication                                                                               iv

Acknowledgement                                                                             v

Abstract                                                                                  vi

Table of Content                                                                     viii


Introduction                                                                                      1

  • general Background to the subject Matter 1
  • Problems associated with the subject matter. 2
  • Problems that the study will be concerned with 3
  • The importance of studying the area 4
  • Definition of important terms. 5

Reference                                                                       6                           CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review                                                                    7

  • The origin of the subject matter. 7
  • Schools of though within the subject area. 9
  • The school of though relevant to the problem of the study.11
  • Deferent methods of studying the problem. 13
  • Summary 13

Reference                                                                       14


Conclusion                                                                              15

3.1     Recommendation                                                           15

  • Conclusion 16

Reference                                                                       18



In Nigeria, the rural people, thoroughly marginalized into a vacuous existence, make [p the other Nigerians forgotten and always for gotten.  The Line is like a perpetually recurring bad dream, a tale of extreme want in the Midst of abundance.

There has been an Increasing upsurge of interest in the literature on development administration and in Planning circles on the positive role local government could play in National development.   Usually, the emphasis is in terms of using local government as a strategic instrument for fostering, promoting and implementing rural development.

In Nigeria local government as the tier of government nearest to the grassroots, has, since the colonial era been recognized as an Institution capable of transforming the lives of the rural inhabitants for their better. Consequently, there have been continuos attempts either to create new local government or lamp the existing ones in the country with the objective of utilizing them as fulcrums of rural development.



Rural development is a complicated process that defies easy definition.  Its complexity is tested to by the multiplicity of reforms that rural development programmes have taken in the past and still take in many parts of the world “Mass action, “Communication” “popular action” rural reconstruction” “communication: extention and the like Rural development is also frequently confused with agricultural development or with the mechanization of the country side.

It is important to mention that rural development derives its meaning and objectives largely out of the context of the prevailing ideology of development. Our current Ideology and practices of development has been reliably and dependably productive of, and or preventative of, inequality.  This is as a result of the Urban- oriented nature of our development strategy.



Accounting to learner, “a purely contemporary view of any problem s necessary limited and even distorted view.  Every situation has its root in the past. political structure; government was based on clan or family heads.  The units of government was very small, composed of family heads, and title holders who constitutes the council of elders   Conserus was the basis of decision-making.  In the Western part of Nigerian (that id Yoruba land), there existed a king of constitutional monarchy.  In the Northern part of Nigeria, the Hausea / fulani emirates operated a highly centralized political structure, with the emirs commanding so much poser



The native authority system must thus be understood within the context of the political economy of primitive accumulation.  The transformed nature authorities were incorporated into the colonial state structure to facilitate the appropriation of surplus from peasant production of cash crops, without the need for the massive coercive apparatus of the metropolis.  They were therefore incapable of promoting rural development.

In the Eastern region of Nigeria, traditional ruler were created where none existed before the colonial intervention, insipte of resistance, and in some case, outright rebellion against this adulteration of the rural masses by the native authorities and warrant Chiefs are well documented elsewhere.

The despotic and exploitative nature of the native authorities and their in ability to promote rural development made tem objects of attack by their subject many of them were seen by those of their subjects who had embedded western education and who were denied participation in government as British stooges, agents of oppression and cousin the wheel of progress.



The attainment of independence in Nigeria in 1960, did not alter the exploitative role of local government.  This was because, inspite of protestations to the contrary by bourgeoisie scholars. The post – colonial state remains the instrument of class domination.  It makes the colonialism to be able to integrated Nigeria into the maturing global capitalist system as supplier of raw material needed for metropolitan industries.  Metropolitan system has also imposition a new –colonial economy.  Structural context of  the functions of the state in peripheral societies has also turn to dictates the role of local government.  Local government have also become an instrument for primitive accumulation.



For the purpose of this paper, rural development has help in the following ways:

  1. Education; it can be before as all efforts towards the inculcation of the right attitude and knowledge necessary for proper growing of a state or society.
  2. Development: is the provision of an emities that will over time improve the socio-economic standard of the people.
  3. Modern life: it simply means new ways of doing thing.
  4. Policy: is a plan of action, statement of ideals adopted by a government or political party etc.
  5. Leadership; is a system whereby person is being appointed to role.
  6. Planning: is the result envisaged, live of action to be followed, the stages to go through and methods used to outline proximate events and necessary actions taken to achieve the desired results.






  1. Guy Hunter, “Methods of Rural development: Towards criteria for Administration choices” journal of Administration Overseas, vol, !x, No4, October 1970, p.240
  2. Guidelines for Local Government Reform (kaduna: Government printer, 1967);p1
  3. Dele Olowu and S. Bandied Ayo, “Local government and Rural Employment” paper presented for conference on Rural Employment generation in Nigeria (Ife: University of Ife, 26-26 June, 1988) page 13.
  4. Kesse/man, “order or movement The Literature of Politics, volume 15, No1, 1973 page 742.
  5. Nose Igiebor et al, “Life in Rural Nigeria” New watch Magazine, Feburaru10, 1986, page 19.



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