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Sambo also looked at motivation at the label for everything that determine how an individual decides to initiate efforts on task, how he decides on the level of effort to exert on that task.  This view of motivation is obviously very embracing and effecting motivation therefore is spaced demanding task on management.  He suggested that management determines the needs of its staff and the situational variables that determine a person’s behaviour. It must also determine how motivators are processed motivating a person according to him is as complex a task as the complexity of an individual needs.





Ideally, the task of administration is to develop the taste for good working condition and for government to develop workers who are able to tailor and utilize the resources in the working society to their own needs by K.P. Cross.

Motivations will always need the timeliness, sensitivity and vision that any effective relationship with human growth and individuality demands.  A logical and  seductive assumption is that if working itself is well planned and efficient, motivation for what is being done should neatly and nicely come alone as well (Deci 1980).  Vargas (1977) noted that when workers feel a strong need for what they are doing and the programme is  well planned and stimulating with adequate informational feed-back the easier the motivation to work increase.  If this were not so, motivation would not be the epidemic concern it is for managers.  Industry, and business are filled with well designed, efficient programmes that are not very motivative part of the problem, is efficiency itself motivation takes people to people skills and time.  Like a good conversation, it cannot be rushed.  The best way to see a motivational strategy is as an investment.  It pays dividends but often not immediately.  Also because what motivates people is often beyond the inherent structure of the knowledge or skill they are performing, it means managers have to plan for motivation in its own right it cannot be taken for granted (Johnson Johnson, 1982).

The time continues model of motivation is an organizational aid for motivation planning.  It is a systematic structure for introducing or applying motivation strategies through working sequence (sounders, 1981) sand described motivation as an organizational aid and motivation planing is designing and organizing instruction so that the development and enhancement of work motivation is an essential part of it.  He also stressed that the time continue model of motivation helps managers to programmatically strategies from the beginning to the end of the work or project sequence so that a network of motivational influences in formulated.       According to Wloodkwowskit (11989) the main Criterion for successful motivation planning, no matter what the instructional plan may be, is that each time phase (beginning, during, and ending) of the sequence of instruction for the particular project object includes significant positive motivational influence on the workers.  He further listed out six basics question for motivation planning as follows:

What can I do to establish a positive working attitude for this programme?

How do I best meet the needs of my workers throughout this working sequence?

What about this working conditions that will stimulate my workers?

How does this working pattern increase or affect workers feeling of competence P

How this working pattern does provide for my workers?

Knoveles (1980) contented that when a workers is motivated to worker, they work hardens, Learn, More have source of enjoyment and achievement, and want to continuing working.

A manager working with motivated worker finds instruction more successful, achieves greater satisfaction and avoids burnout.

Based on the above, it is difficult to understand whether federal ministry of education Enugu is achieving its objective or not.  Moreover, issue of threats of retrenchment of workers has kept workers in fear and the position of the ministry among the top ones in the country has fallen. Liquidity experience, encountered, this indicate some strength and weakness, efficiency and different hence even salaries are delayed



We cannot talk about motivation of staff in the civil service without talking about the ministries that integrated to form the  civil service federal ministry of education among other ministries, could be said to be exceptional in the sense that it is purely associated with acquiring and imparting know ledge and skills be it formal, non-formal or informal.  It formal, non –formal or informal.  It could be said to be the bedrock of other ministries in so far as other employees and employers in other ministry have passed through its one over or another in the course of acquiring knowledge, so it is a pivot on which other ministries revolves.

Education ministry as old as civilization. This is because civilization started with exhibiting extra knowledge to better conditions of living.  Narrowed down to Nigeria, “the federal ministry of education Enugu could be seen to be as old as the advert of the Europeans or colonial masters” (Fafunwa A.B. 1974).  They brought the idea of acquiring and imparting-knowledge formally and established a ministry to be solely incharge.  It came to line light when the country was operating under the regional system, where we had Directorate of Education to three and later four regions of the country.  This later metamorphosed to ministries in 1967 with 12 states in the country.



It appears that the resources for serious operation for motivation employee  in federal ministry of education are inadequate.

There is the problem of motivating planning that liquidity and late payment of salaries occur.

There is problem of threat for retrenchment of workers.

The problem of running the ministry by the management consultants.


  1. To what extent are the resources adequate for federal ministry of education management effectiveness?
  2. To what extent are the problems of motivations planning affect the profits and payment of salaries to workers?
  3. What is the cause of threat of retrenchment to workers?
  4. What are the problems of running the ministry with the same our of government?



  1. To ascertain to what extent human and non-human resources are adequate for serious operation of the ministry
  2. To determine how problem of motivate planning leads to liquidity and late payment of salaries.
  3. To find out the courses of threats of retrenchment to workers.
  4. To determine the problem of running the ministry with team of management consultants.




Having seen the dimension of the work, it is believed that suggests from this study would help in many ways.

It would have help to search for the solutions to the problems facing the civil servants in Nigeria

It would enable the researchers to find ways and means.

It  would enable the  researcher to determine the effect of these motivating factors on performance or productivity.

With the findings it will help us to make projections and predictions with greater precision concerning the attitude of civil servants to their work.

Management, administrators, directors and policy formulators will gain a lot if they are aware of those factors that spur or inhibit their workers or employees to or from greater performance ad productivities.



This scope of this study is ministry of education Enugu state.


In the course of writing and carrying out this project work, the research encountered many difficulties; some errors in the results of the research and from external sources of data collection. These are factors  standing as constraints thereby limiting the effect of the research result.

Among these are, time finance , scope and use of wrong statistics in data analysis, due to time limit, the research work is a time consuming one. A lot of time is taken to observe the subjects.

Most  times the behaviour of the staff changes even when they are aware that they are being observed by the researcher, this is by taking their behavior. The researcher also observed that these senior staff some time give true and false information in order to cover their branches.

At sometime the research work lasted over two months due to large scope of area of the study.



There are workers that are being employed by the employed on which certain duties will be allocated to them to discharge it efficiently and effectively so that the employer will through them accomplish the goals and objectives of the organization.



It is an energizing force that induces and compels the behaviour of an employees



To meet up the needs and want of a particular regrets



Is a process of planning organizing directing and controlling to activities of the organization in order to reach its goals and objectives.




They are the head of an organization are in charge of the managerial functions



This describes a state of individuals attitudes, judgement and feeling about work company or supervisor. A man’s moral to an event can be high or low and moral can be influence by needs.


This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (background of the study), statement of the problem, purpose of the study, research questions, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope of the study etc. Chapter two being the review of the related literature presents the theoretical framework, conceptual framework and other areas concerning the subject matter.     Chapter three is a research methodology covers deals on the research design and methods adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.  Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study


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