This study focused primarily on Motivation, Leadership and Corruption in Corporate
Affairs Commission. It is also used to tackle the problems of non existence of
Motivation, Leadership and high level of Corruption in an organization at all levels in
Corporate Affairs Commission. The source of data used for carrying out this research
work was primarily through administration of well structured questionnaires such as
personal interview, descriptive data analysis, was employed for the analysis of data
collected. This research also serves as exposition tools on how motivation, leadership
and corruption in an organization.
During the process of findings, it was discovered that from 1991-2000, Motivation,
Leadership was not seen in the activities and operations of the commission, which
gave birth to corrupt activities.
However, in response of staffs to the questioner, it was discovered that staff
appreciates the new leadership styles of the management team. In view of the problems
mentioned in the earlier chapter of this project, the following information is hereby
suggested to bring motivation and leadership, such as: adequate planning, Manpower
requirement must be met, adequate training must be put in place, Good Salary package,
the working environment must be conducive for staff of the Commission.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE I
TABLE OF CONTENT VI
LIST OF TABLES VII
CHAPTER ONE PAGE
1.0 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING 1
1.1 BACKGOUND OF THE STUDY 1
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 2
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 3
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 3
1.5 HYPOTHESIS 4
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 4
1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY 5
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS 6
1.9 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CORPORATE
AFFAIRS COMMISSION 7
1.10 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF
CORPOATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION ABUJA 10
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 14
2.1 INTRODUCTION 14
2.2 MOTIVATION 14
2.3 CONTEMPOARY VIEW OF MOTIVATION 16
2.4 LEADERSHIP 28
2.5 LEADERSHIP AND THE WORK SITUATION 29
2.6 THE CORRUPT PRACTICES AND OTHER
RELATED OFFENCES ACT 2000 42
3.0 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 48
3.1 INTRODUCTION 48
3.2 SOURCES OF DATE COLLECTION 49
3.2 RESEARCH METHOD 49
3.3 SAMPLING PROCEDURE 51
3.4 SAMPLING TECHNIQUE 51
3.5 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS 51
4.0 DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND
4.1 INTRODUCTION 52
4.2 DESCRIPTION OF RESPONDENTS 52
4.3 DESCRIPTION OF RESPPONDENTS
BASED ON THEIR DEPARTMENT IN
CORPORATE AFFAIR COMMISSION 55
4.4 DESCRIPTION RESPONDENTS BASED ON
THE CATEGORY OF STAFF IN
CORRPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION
4.5 DESCRIPTION RESPONENT BASED ON
THE YEAR OF EMPLOYMENT IN
CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION
4.6 DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONEDENT ON
MOTIVATION, INCORPORATE AFFAIRS
4.7 DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONENDT
BASED ON LEARDERSHIP IN CORPORATE
AFFAIRS COMMISSION ABUJA 58
4.8 DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONDENT
BASED ON THE LEVEL OF
CORRUPTION IN CORPORATE
AFFAIRS COMMISSION ABUJA 59
4.9 DISTRIBUTION RESPONENT BASED
CONDOLLING OF CORRUPTION AS
A PRACTICE IN CORPORATE AFFAIRS
COMMISSION ABUJA 59
4.10 DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONDENT BASED
ON THE AVAILABILITY OF GOOD
WORKING ENVIRONMENT IN
CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION
4.11 DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONENT BASED
ON GOOD SALARY PACKGED AS A
WAY TO ERADICATE CORRUPTION
CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION
4.12 DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONDENT BASED
ON HOW HIGH WAGE COULD REDUCE
CORRUPTION IN CORPORATE AFFAIRS
COMMISSION ABUJA 61
4.13 DISTRIBTION OF RESPONENDENT BASED
ON HOW TRAINNIG WOULD INCREASE
THE LEADERSHIP SKILLS OF STAFF IN
CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION
4.14 DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONDENT BASED
ON WEATHER CORRUPTION IS
RESTRICTED TO CERTAIN DEPARTMENT
IN CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION
4.15 DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONENT BASED
ON WEATHER CORRUPTION CAN BE
MINIMIZED IN THE COMMISSTION. 63
5.0 RESEARCH, FINDING, CONCLUSION
AND RECOMMENDATIONS 65 -67
1.0 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Corruption literally means dishonesty, lack of integrity or use of official position
for personal gain. The corrupt practice and other related offences Act 2000
(hereafter referred to as the Act) State that Corruption “includes bribery, fraud and
other related offences “Corruption has been a giant virus that has eluded our
society today on a great deal; It has brought about a setback, in a great measure
which has now become a mindset of do or die ways of making it in life. This has
affected both Private and Government setup all over the nation today.
It is painful to note that some of our past Leaders gathered wealth by means of
corruption, such as using position for personal gain, bribery, and mismanagement
of fund, and inflating of contract prices. Motivation and Good Leadership are one
of the most important ways to Eradicate Corruption in our Society today. It is a
good evidence in our Society today that with a Leader that cares about the needs
of the people, such Leaders brings could about effective and efficient results at all
Levels of endeavors.
A Good Leader possesses the ability to direct and influence the task -.: related
activities of group or members of her Organization. A good leader frowns at nonchallant attitudes to work and responsibilities at every duty post and Corruption in
any Levels, which may occur during the process of task actualization in all stages of
responsibilities. In the course of this research work, it is written on the assumption
that, in the year 1991 to 2000 Corruption was strongly in existence in CORPORATE
The essential point of this research work is to find some common problem
Encountered in the course of the study.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It was discovered that from the onset precisely (1991 – 2000) CORPORATE
AFFAIRS COMMISSION, has encountered a setback due to wrong management
in position of authority, with lack of Motivation and Good Leadership capabilities,
has brought about large occurrences of Corruption, bribery and
mismanagement of funds in the Commission.
The introduction of the new management team led by Mr. Ahmed Almustapha in
2001. A team of sound Motivation. Leadership and corruption has brought about
the in the Commission at all helms of affairs.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
(i) The objective of this study is to primarily focus attention on how a corrupt free
operating system will come to be in CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION.
(ii) This study is meant to ensure that Motivation, Leadership and Corruption
could in one way Eradicate Corruption at all Levels of endeavor in CORPORATE
(iii) This study also shows that with the provision of Livelihood and good welfare
package, productivity will be enhanced.
(iv) It creates a means of recognition to the subordinate in CORPORATE
(v) It is a means of efficient and prompt service delivery.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
It brings about the reason why the research work is carried out such as:
. Ways to follow to get my information
. How to put the data into an information
. Are the data reliable for the study
. The reason for the data.
The number of senior and intermediate/ Junior staff of the Commission
. The impact of the study to the Commission.
This is a tentative answer to a research question. It is often stated in the form of a
relationship between dependent and an independent variable. There are two types
of hypothesis they are: Null (Ho) and the Alternative (HI).
. NULL HYPOTHESIS: Is one which denies the existence of the anticipated
. ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESIS:- shows a positive relationship between the
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this project work is to examine motivation and Good Leadership
way to Eradicate Corruption in government parastatals in Nigeria with a case
study Of CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION.
The aim is to focus attention on how Motivation and Good Leadership team could
Eradicate Corruption in the day to day operation to the general public, portraying a
Corrupt free working environments efficient and prompt service delivery. In the
course of this study. It was discovered that manpower Training and Development
was introduce by the management to enhance adequate campaign on Anti
Corruption Crusade at all Levels of operation within the Commission.
1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY SCOPE
The study is to examine the operation and system of government parastatals
CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION, wuse zone 5, Abuja. In order to
determine how the system is run in its daily activities with special regards to it’s
functioning towards a corrupt free objective in the Commission.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The widely popular saying that nothing goes to its final stage without
encountering some difficulties. The limitations of the study can be summarized
under the following headings:
(a) TIME CONSTRAINT
As a result of time and the duration given to write this research topic, is not
enough to enable me have a close view on how Motivation and Good Leadership
way to Eradicate Corruption is been appreciated in other government parastatals.
(b) FINANCIAL CONSTRAINT
Adequate finance would have enable me widen the scope of my study in order to
find more problems and solutions relating to the to the research topic. To be able
to make meaningful generalization for a population, it is necessary that the sample
study represent the population. My research work is limited to CORPORATE
AFFAIRS COMMISSION alone.
(c) POOR LIBRARY FACILITIES
Due to the poor state of the economy presently, it is difficult to find well-equipped
library for research purposes. It becomes difficult to gather adequate and relevant
information on books and journals. All attempt made to collect data From other
organization prove abortive because of security of information network of the
organization; I was able to obtain past report CORPORATE AFFAIRS
(d) RESPONDENT ATTITUDE
The method of my research was base on personal interviews; the attitude of
some respondent was very disappointing as regards answering question in the
questionnaires, which in the actual sense a positive contribution towards the
success of any research work.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
( a) Motivation System: is a human psychological characteristic that control
bullets to a person degree commitment
(b) Leadership System: The method and the process of directing influencing the
task related activities of group members.
(c) Corruption: Literally means dishonesty, lack of integrity or use of official
position for personal gain.
(d) Questionnaire: This is the method used in gathering information by asking
question in a paper are pass round to get the accurate information
1.9 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CORPORATE AFFAIRS
Corporate Affairs Commission was established under the Companies and Allied
Matter Decree 1990, of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to oversea the
registrations of companies of any kind Nigeria. The following set of bodies and
professional both public and private sectors are charged with the responsibility of
policy formulation and providing guidance:
. A representative of ministry of Justice
. A representative of chambers of commerce and industry
. A representative of Institute of Chartered Accountant of Nigeria (ICAN)
. A representative of Institute of Chartered Secretary of Nigeria
. A representative of Nigerian Institute of Management
. A representative of Chartered Institute of Administrators
. A representative of Traditional Rulers
. The Registrar General of Corporate Affairs Commission
. The Secretary to the Board / Commission.
The registrar general of the commission is the chief executive officer and also the
accounting officer of the Commission. Corporate Affairs Commission, in regards
to its guidelines by CAMD 1990 some of its operations is stated below in various
parts as stated in the Companies and Allied Matter Decree (CAMD1990).
. Incorporation of companies (private or public)
. Conversion and re- registration of private company as public company.
. Registration of mortgages, debentures and charges
. Re- registration of company limited by shares as unlimited company.
. Increase in share capitals.
. Change of Name
. Company Searches
. Certified True Copies (CTC) of filed document.
. Certified True Copy (CTC) of Certificate of Incorporation. Other statutory
. Annual Returns Fillings
. Alteration of Memorandum and Articles of Association.
. Change of Director (s)
. Appointment / Change of Secretary
. Allotment of Shares
. Filing of Statement of Affairs, S.636 (CAMA).
This part of the CAMD 1990 is majorly based on the registration of an ordinary
Business Names, popularly known as one-man business as legally required by
Law. And all the changes in its regard are inclusive.
This part of the decree 1990, which enhance the commission to carry out the
registration of a Non-governmental organization (NGO), foundations and an
initiatives organization at both Local and International Levels, Churches inclusive.
Both operations allow changes or addition that falls within this category in part C
of CAMD 1990.
1.10 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF CORPORATE AFFAIRS
& PERSONNEL MANAGEMEN
FINANCE & CORPORATE
The registry department is been head by a Director, namely (Director Registry).
This department carries out the major operation on the registration of companies.
It has the following unit:
( a) The filling room
(b) Compliance Unit
(c) Post -Incorporation Unit
(d) Pre – Incorporation Unit.
The Filing Room: These units are mainly a position where already registered
companies files are arranged and stored, in according to the numbering statues.
Requests are made on daily basis for transaction. An Assistant Director who is a
Lawyer, supervised the unit and some subordinates also worked in this units on
various capacity. The Compliance Unit: This is being headed by a Director. Its
main operation is to carry out litigation issues that concern the commission, and
some companies who default in some legal requirement about the commissions’
request or in a case of fraud.
Post – Incorporation Unit: This unit carries out the responsibilities of changes in
the document of an existing companies such as, increase in share capital,
mortgage, alteration of memorandum and articles of association, Addition of
director of companies etc.
Pre – Incorporation Unit: In these arms of the registry, new applications are filed
for registration into the commission on its activities.
ADMINISTRATION AND PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT
This department in the commission takes care of the administration and personnel
activities such as: Staff training and developments, welfare contract, and the
provision of administrative materials for the day to day running of the
commission. Administrative Department, it’s been head by a Director.
FINANCE AND ACCOUNT DEPARTMENT
The finance and account department of the commission, apart from its obligation
to the staff pay roll, it also control and safeguard the revenue actualization of the
commission on daily basis, and also made payment to contractors, attend to any
financial issues between the commission and its numerous customer. The
department it been head by a Director.
In every organization, evaluation and maintenance of internal control measures
and procedures is been check by the internal audit unit. same is applicable in
CORPORATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION. The audit unit of the commission
checks the daily revenue and the staff conduct to work. A Director supervised the
INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (IMS)
This department carries out the day-to-day update of various information, within
and outside the commission, such as changes in the applications filed in various
departments in the commission. The on – line system of operation is been monitor
by the section, who placed her staff on 24hours responsibilities for efficient and
prompt service delivery. It’s been head by a Director.
CORPORATE PLANING UNIT
These units are mainly to quantify the activities of the commission before
embarking on any project worth of capital intensive in various departments. The
unit is been head by a Director.
PUBLIC RELATION UNIT
This unit plays a vital role in the commission, major information about the
operation and the daily guide of the commission to its accredited customers
nationwide, and educate commission numerous customers on how the operation of
the commission is all about. The unit is alee more or less the image of the
commission in every ramification. This unit is been head by an Assistant Director.
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