Terrorism no doubt remained one of the most demanded social malaises in the contemporary Nigeria, and the world. The threat posed to life and property by these clandestine groups cannot be adequately estimated. But the terrorists attacks on some Nigerian cities including Abuja, Kano, Niger, Yobe, Adamawa etc and most remained a water shed in the annals of global terrorism. The attack no doubt has constituted one of the greatest threats to national peace and security; hence the new war against terrorism championed National development by the federal government. The danger associated with terrorist activities has therefore increasingly become of immense concern to practitioners of national politics, scholars and national states men alike. The major purpose of the are; to determine the extent Terrorism has affected the development of Borno state. To investigate why Borno Government have not overcome terrorism. The method used was primary and secondary method through interview. The Sample and Sampling Techniques was Yaro Yameni statistical formula thus. Descriptive research design was considered appropriate for this study. The data used on this study was collected through also applied and the answers were used to supplement the information received through the use of questionnaire. Using simple percentage to answer the questions contained in the study. This study has been undertaking to examine the terrorism in Nigeria and its challenges in people’s welfare and internal relations, the findings as it is still viewed religious fanaticism, political in equilibrium and perceived depreciation in social and political activities in the country. The recommendations were a national neutral body be established for conflict resolution prevention. New body should look at the country as a system and know if the system are working or not and proffer solutions.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents viii
1.1 Background to the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problems 2
1.3 Research questions 2
1.4 Purpose of the study 3
1.5 Hypotheses 3
1.6 Significance of the study 3
1.7 Scope of the study 4
1.8 Limitations of the study 4
1.9 Definition of terms 4
1.10 Organization of the study 5
LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1 Literature Review 7
2.1.1 The Concept of Terrorism 13
2.1.2. Types of Terrorism 19
2.1.3. The Impact of National Terrorism 21
2.1.4. The Challenges of National Terrorism 24
2.2 Theoretical Framework 23
3.1 Design of the study 26
3.2 Area of the study 26
3.3 Population of the study 26
3.4 Sample and sampling techniques 27
3.5 Method of data collection 27
3.6 Instrument for data collection 27
3.7 Reliability of the instrument 28
3.8 Validity of the instrument 28
3.9 Distribution and retrieval of the instrument 28
3.10 Method of data analysis 29
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data presentation 30
4.2 Analysis of research questions 33
4.3 Testing of Hypotheses 35
4.4 Interpretation of Results 36
SUMMARY, CONCLUTION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary of findings 37
5.2 Conclusion 37
5.3 Recommendations 38
- Background to the Study
Terrorism no doubt represents one of the most focal issues on contemporary international relations. Thus, the threat to national and international peace and security posed by terrorist activities has captured the attention of scholars and statesmen alike.
However, the Nigerian share of the terrorist’s activities started in 2009 when an Islamic group launched a military campaign to create an Islamic state or a caliphate as it is called, the attacks approach include suicide bombing to place home their demand. With their base in Maiduguri, Borno state and North east state the attacks has more than ever heightened scholarly interest in terrorism which has taken especially in Nigeria. Studies have been variously done on rising spate of global terrorism with recently more emphasis on Nigeria; these scholarly works have been very illuminating but nevertheless not exhaustive of all the issues associated with terrorism.
Against this backdrop, this particular work is geared towards adding to the existing literature on national terrorism by investigating the new challenges in contemporary national cohesion in regard to people’s welfare brought about by increasing terrorist activities. This becomes necessary considering the glaring terrorism attacks in the north-east of Nigeria especially in Borno state.
1.2. Statement of the Problem
In Nigeria today, terrorism has become a major threat to national peace and security and also a topical issue in political arena.
The problem posed to national relations and peoples welfare by this terrorist activities, is to know what exactly is terrorism, to explain the rising incidence of terrorism, the challenges, types and effective ways of combating it.
1.3. Research Questions
- What is terrorism?
- What are the challenges of terrorism?
- How do we effectively combat terrorism?
1.4. Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this research work inter alia includes:
- To examine what exactly is terrorism.
- To identify the majority reason for the rising incidence of terrorism.
- To explain the challenges and types of terrorism.
- To find out the effective ways of combating terrorism.
1.5. Significance of the Study
This study will help to provide knowledge of what terrorism is all about. It will also highlight the threats, insecurity and challenges associated with terrorism and the possible way of combating the ugly trend called terrorism. More so, this study will add to existing works in this area, thereby being of assistance to students, practitioners, policy makers etc.
1.6. Scope of the Study
This research work is limited to the terrorist attacks in Boron state.
1.7. Limitations of the Study
To ensure a comprehensive work on this topic, the researcher tried to produce a better work but was limited by a number of factors which include finance, time and the limitations inherent in the use of questionnaire in terms of objectivity, truthfulness and sincerity from subjects are acknowledged, there is therefore the tendency for a degree of error to occur in the final analysis and evaluation of data.
1.8. Definition of Terms
Some terms used in this study, which could be subjected to different interpretations by different readers of this project report include but not limited to the following,
Action: For the purpose of this work, the term refers to those who operate within the political system.
Terrorism: negative aggressive act of destruction that causes great fear and dread.
National Development: the ability of a country or countries to improve the social welfare of the people eg by providing social amenities like quality education, transportation, infrastructure etc.
Development: development is critical and essential to the sustenance and growth of any nation.
Security: security is freedom from, or resilience against potential harm (or other unwanted coercive change) from external forces.
International: international as a word means involvement of, interaction between or encompassing more than one nation, or generally beyond national boundaries.
1.9 Organization of the Study:
This research work is organized in five chapters for easy understanding as follows, chapter one is concerned with the introduction, which consists of the (background of the study), statement of the problem, research question, purpose of the study, significance of the study, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitation of the study, definition of terms, organization of the study. Chapter two being the review of related literature presets the theoretical framework, conceptual framework and other areas concerning the subject matter. Chapter three is a research methodology deals on the research design and methods adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrated on the data analysis and presentation of findings. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion and recommendations made of the study.
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