This Research work seek to determine the relevance of small-scale industries using Warri South Local Government Area as a study. The objective of this study is to establish how the role of Government can promote small-scale industries in Nigeria and also the role of small-scale industries, how it can play in curbing unemployment problem, thus providing and engaging the Nigerian youth in meaningful profit oriented activities which create employment opportunities not only for themselves but others by contributing to the socio-economic growth and development of the nation through the help or assistance of the government. The instrument used in gathering data is the questionnaire method. Two hundred (200) were randomly sampled and administered with questionnaire out of the population of two hundred and thirty-four thousand, nine hundred and fifty-seven (234,957). Data collection was presented and analyzed using textual and tabular presentation and percentage. Findings of the study include (i) creation of job opportunities (ii) reduction in rural-urban drift provision of semi-processed raw materials (iii) increase in the production of goods and services and broadening of government revenue base. It therefore concluded that small-scale industries are very relevant in Nigeria and their establishment in the rural areas (taking into account the principles of localization of industries), has been recommended. Finally, the researcher recommends to turillan study, the establishment, financing and management problems of small scale industries.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover Page i
Title Page ii
Approval Page v
Table of Contents ix
- Background to the Study 1
- Statement of the Problem 3
- Research Question 4
- Purpose of the Study 4
- Significance of the Study 5
- Scope of the Study 6
- Limitations of the Study 6
- Operationalization/Definition of Terms 7
- Organization of the Study 8
Literature Review and Theoretical Framework
2.1 Literature 10
2.1.1 Functions of Government 10
2.1.2 Business Origin 12
2.1.3 Types of Small-scale Industries 21
2.1.4 Characteristics of Small-scale Industries 22
2.1.5 Importance of Small-Scale Business in Nigerian Economy 23
2.1.6 Roles of Government in Promoting Small-scale Industries 25
2.1.7 Classification of Small-scale Industries 27
2.1.8 Types of Business and Level of Turn Over 29
2.2 Theoretical Framework 29
Research Design and Methodology
3.1 Research Design 31
3.2 Area of the Study 31
3.3 Population of the Study 31
3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques 32
3.5 Method for Data Collection 32
3.6 Instruments for Data Collections 32
3.7 Reliability of the Instruments 33
3.8 Validity of the Instruments 33
3.9 Distribution and Retrieval of the Instruments 33
3.10 Method of Data Analysis 34
Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1 Data Presentation 35
4.2 Analysis of Research Questions 36
4.3 Interpretation of Results 37
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1 Summary 49
5.2 Conclusion 53
5.3 Recommendation 55
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Rural community development encompasses a range of approaches and activities that aim to improve the welfare and livehoods of people living in rural areas. As a branch of community development, these approaches pay attention to social issues particularly community organizing.
Recently, the issue of rural development has become crucial in the political, social and economic life of the nation. This can be attributed to the fact that rural areas and their inhabitant constitutes about sixty percent or above of the nation’s population.
According to the radical school, they believe that development should be man-oriented, that man constitutes the base to which development can be achieved. What this means that for development can be developed by using his initiative to transform hiss environment in order to take out a living and be self sufficient among others. The government on its own cannot solely shoulder responsibilities of the government of the entire nations. It therefore becomes imperative that effective development strategies should be planned/ geared towards the active participation of the citizens to enable them benefit from the government efforts. For a realistic development to be sustained in the rural areas there must exist active collaboration between the governments, non-governmental agencies/organization. The rural people need the recognities and productive organization for quicker development. They should be involved in decision-making process and this will go along way in encouraging them. Since the past few decades, various non-governmental organizations have shown interest in the development of the rural areas.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Development of rural areas has been constant issue in Nigeria recent economic and political history. In order to make this issue a reality there is the need to involve a system that will activate the participation and support of the rural people productive and social organization. Non-governmental organization being one of the major effective instruments for the development of rural areas have not actually made enough impact on the social and physical aspects of development owing to the factors below.
- Nigeria’s poor economy makes it difficult for both government and non-governmental bodies to engage in development activities. This is because most development projects embarked up by various non-governmental organization are capital intensive and so financial incapability therefore becomes a hitch for the realization of the objective set by these organizations towards development.
- The problem being envisaged is how to make the non-governmental organizations and government to enter into full partnership for a quicker development of the rural areas.
- Most people are noted for their excessive materialism projects and self-agendisment with personal material interest. Usually, these people hardly initiate natural development activities. This problem therefore calls for how to achieve a better orientation of the people towards national development.
1.3. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of carrying out this research work is to identify and access being played by non-governmental organization towards the development of the rural areas and to suggest ways of making them more effectives.
1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The underlisted questions are the questions put forward while conducting the research.
- What are the roles being played by nongovernment organizations in the development of rural area?
- What is the cause of the low rate of involvement of the non-governmental organization in the development activities?
- What effects has the establishment of National orientation on the people and the development of rural areas?
1.5. STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESES
The following hypothesis were derived from the study they include.
- Lack of basic infrastructure in the rural areas reduces the number of development projects carried out by the non-government reduces, the rate of involvement of the non-governmental organization in the development of the rural areas.
- Non-participation of Non-government organizations in the formation of policies, towards development reduces.
1.6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research is for the generality of every existing non-governmental and governmental organization. It is aimed at highlighting categorically what is expected of the government and non-governmental organizations. Its significance is to encourage efficiency, productivity and high pace of rural development through partnership of both organizations in either policy formulation or execution of the rural areas.
1.7. SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research work is mainly to explain the rate of non-governmental organization in the developments of rural areas and also to assess the problems and objectives in the implementation of their programme. This research work shows the level of social and physical development of the area under study, by non-governmental organizations. Equally, their involvement in the development of the areas in which it is located is be assessed.
1.8. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
In the course of writing this research, we encountered some problems.
- Lack of materials to use for the research writing.
- Lack of time and finance for transport and procurement of necessary material.
1.9. DEFINITION OF TERMS
DEVELOPMENT: This involves any kind of progress or change that improves the living standard or condition of the people in a particular community.
RURAL DEVELOPMENT: This involves a comprehensive change in cultural, economic, social educational and political affairs of the people in rural areas (villages) which is designed basically to make them self-reliant.
1.10 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (background of the study), statement of the problem, objectives of the study, research questions, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope of the study etc. Chapter two being the review of the related literature presents the theoretical framework, conceptual framework and other areas concerning the subject matter. Chapter three is a research methodology covers deals on the research design and methods adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study
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