This project is aimed at producing a good quality surface shine (polish) of long lasting value. For clarity, polish is a substance rubbed on the surface of materials to make them smooth and shinny. Polish has being of immense importance in protecting leather cum wooden surface and enhancing their beauty. To produce a stander polish, hard waxes such as carndube wax, candlhla wax and palm wax; semi hard waxes which include; paraffin wax and ozokerite; solvents like telpentine and naphtha; dyes and dryers are also essential in this research project, paraffin wax, turpentine, paraffin oil, cobalt and lead dryers, vanish, black and brown pigments were use to obtain the desire results. The apparatus used were; measuring cylinder 100ml(finlab), digital weighing balance (metler AE-200) , beaker 500ml (finlab), magnetic stirrer, burner. Using the measured quantities of the ingredients, the production started with heating to about 90.c to melt the wax and cooling to about 60.c. This was preceded by the addition of the solvent, the colorant, drier and vanish. As this was being done, there was continuous agitation. After obtaining a homogenous mixture, the produce was filled into 50ml cans and allowed to cool. The best formulation was obtained from 45.2%, 24%, 21%, 2%, 2%, 2%, of turpentine, paraffin wax, paraffin oil, drier, vanish and colorants respectively. The major problem encountered were that of coverage and gloss or surface shine produced by the trial formulation. They were blamed on the particle size of the pigments and the absence of some other ingredients like hard waxes to blend the paraffin wax; and naphtha which despite all effort made. Happily, these were reasonably improved by using finer pigments particles and vanish respectively.
1.1 Back ground Study.
The emergence of polish technology is apparent offshoot of complexities resulting from the induction of substances that produce desired gloss and provides a protective coating for the surface of the materials, changing it to a dry adherent film. Therefore, polish is a substances usually wax base which when applied to sequence protects, makes it smooth and shiny. (De Busy, 1972)
It has been discovered that shoe polish industries in Nigeria are at minimum even though the polish industry is economically very important due to its wide spread usage. Shoes polish industry as a surface coating provider in a very important venture. The manufacture of surface coating materials of which shoes polish is a part, has been estimated with swales of more than 10,000 million yearly. This in essence means that its usage is wide spread and in teams of employment, gives a lot of opportunities. The economic consequences as highlighted above have in turn spurred many into a continuous struggle for a good quality product.
Therefore, in a bid to reduce the degree of unemployment by establishing small scale industries, this research project is embarking upon. (www.polishindustry|nigeria.com2017)
1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT
The aim and objective of this project among other things include;
- Produce polish of high quality at minimum cost
- To produce shoe polish which will suit the weather of this country
- To reduce the depending on government for employment by having individual investment and becoming self reliant
1.3 SCOPE OF THE PROJECT
The research project covers feasibility study, scouting and acquisition of the necessary raw materials required for the production, formulations research and the production of the polish samples.
1.4 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Considering the fact that there are few or practically no functional polish industry in the country, and the imported polish most a times do not meet up with the local weather conditions, this research project will help to find solution to these problems. And at the same time, offer local alternatives to these imported products. It will equally be an avenue for finding means of increasing our domestic national product.
Importantly, exploiting the benefit offered by this research work will help in improving the qualities of polishes produced. This will help in making the polish industry a viable venture, whose product could be, exported thereby serving as a foreign exchange earner for the country.
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