The aim of this research work is to find out the role of instructional materials in the teaching of computer science in junior secondary schools, using all junior secondary schools in egor local government area of edo state as a case study. A total of 100 students were used on this study. The instrument used for data collection was the questionnaires which were administered personally by the researcher to five randomly selected schools in Egor local government area of edo state. The method used for data analysis was normal data simple percentage was used to examine the role of instructional materials in teaching of computer science in junior secondary schools.
Findings of the study are as follows;
- To the extends at which instructional materials facilitate learning is recommendable.
- Despite the high cost of getting instructional materials, teachers in junior secondary schools take it as a task to improvise for instructional materials.
- Pupils easily remember topics taught with the use of instructional materials than those taught without the use of instructional materials.
- Pupils in junior secondary schools find it easily to put into practice those topics and lessons taught with the use of instructional materials.
- Instructional materials when properly used during teaching enhance and lead to better performances of pupils during given assignment, test and examinations.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
Chapter One: Introduction
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the study
1.3 Research questions
1.4 objective of the study
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope/limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
Chapter Two: Literature Review
- Concepts of instructional materials
- Merits of instructional materials
- Demerits of instructional materials
- Effects of instructional materials
- Needs for instructional materials
Chapter Three: Research methodology
- Research design
- Population of study
- Sample of study
- Sampling techniques
- Research instrument
- Administration of instrument
- Validity of instrument
- Reliability of instrument
- Method of data analysis
Chapter Four: Data analysis and discussion
- Data analysis
- Discussion of results
- Summary of findings
- BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Instructional materials are that things that enables students to have mental picture of what has been taught and to retain the message in their memory for a very long time e.g. Radio, Television, Chalkboard, Charts, Micro-Projectors, Still Pictures, Specimen e.t.c. It can be referred to as those things that the classroom teacher uses to impact knowledge to pupils in the classroom in order to achieve his objectives.
According to Ogunmola, (2002) cited instructional materials as visual or audio visual materials which facilitate the assimilation of organization. Infact, for effective teaching and learning to take place, instructional materials are can exist without adequate use of computer science education programme can exist with adequate use of computer equipments examples of such equipment are computer, monitor, keyboard, typewriter, mouse, scanner, printer, duplicating machine e.t.c these science equipments are indispensable to a good computer science teaching and training and learning.
It is no gain saying that interest in learning computer science is increasing in Nigeria. Each local government area is trying t o improve on the production of technology. This is justify for computer science has totally assured great importance interest role of national power and productivity. According to the new trend of computer science, teaching has as shown a radical departure of traditional expository mode, in favour of practical and inquiry method to the inclusion of problems solving and active involvement of people in the open minded fielding practical exercise.
Some of the objectives of computer science in junior secondary school are as follows
- to develop a computer scientific attitude
- to develop interest in an appreciation of the plan of life through the computer
- to develop or help the child acquire a scientific method of solving problems
- to also help the child acquire a useful knowledge of computer science
- to also help the child acquire a useful knowledge of computer scientific principles
In view of this, it can therefore be assumed that uniqueness facilities and equipment are available in junior secondary school. For practical works pupils will not derive much from the attempt to learn computer science. It has been stressed by Howard (2003) when he said what we learn is what we do” doing what we learn in computer science requires the use of practical work. We also have the bear in mind that at least some of the pupils would or may need to become professionally computer list. Such pupils need the equipment to be able to develop necessary practical skills. Beside, the basic sources of computer science experience is of course of direct contact which objects and events it’s in nature outside the classroom
Specifically some specific educational reasons to have equipment for teaching was summarized by Balogun (2000) as follows
- It enables the learners to develop functional and manipulating skills
- It enables the learner to develop problem solving skill and scientific attitude
The acquisition of these skills is the contribution of computer science education in the general preparation of the youth with emphasis on activities based on child centered learning coupled with pupils enrolment into school in the face of corresponding decline economy. It is against the background that we can appreciate the significance of the question “the important role of computer science equipment in secondary school
- STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
There are many problems and obstacles which hinder the effective teaching of computer science in our junior secondary schools. Despite the importance attached to the subject there is no junior secondary school in Egor local government area in Edo state where the range of resources available for the teaching of computer science can be described as being in anyway adequate
This arises as a result of inability of these materials especially now, due to foreign exchange restriction and large populations of junior secondary schools pupils.
The aspects of this problems will be dealt with in this study which has the survey of material resources required by the teaching of computer science. In junior secondary school in Egor local government area of Edo state.
The following specific questions can be asked does teachers in junior secondary school improvised or substitute for instructional materials which are not easily obtained
Are there enough materials resources for computer teaching in junior secondary school? What are the materials that can be improved?
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to survey the materials resources available for the teaching of computer science in junior secondary school in Egor local government area.
The study will examine
- The availability of facilities in our schools
- Whatever and how computer teacher in junior secondary schools improved or subtitle for the materials which are not easily obtainable
- The type of materials that can be sub titled
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is hope that the findings of this study will be beneficial to educational agencies in Egor local government area of Edo state.
It should be of great important to educational administrates in the distribution of resources to schools
Further more, the result of the finding will be of great benefit to the computer science teachers in other impact the required computer science skills to the pupils
1.5 SCOPE OR LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study will cover many materials resources available for the searching of computer science and the type of materials that can be substituted or improvised.
This study is therefore intended to show through the use of questionnaires. The availability of standard and improved computer science equipment or facilities in ten (10) randomly selected junior secondary schools in Egor local government Area.
1.6 RESEARCH QUESTION
- To what extent is the role of instructional materials in the teaching of computer science in junior secondary school
- Do teachers in junior secondary school improvise for instructional materials which are not easily obtained
- Do students in junior secondary school easily remember topic taught with instructional materials than those topics taught without instructional materials?
- Do students in junior secondary school find it easy to put into practice what they are taught with the use of instructional material.
- Does instructional materials led to better performance of students in junior secondary school.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Terms that are related to the study are defined below in order to remove somatic ambiguity in their usage.
- Easy to understand and get to know
- To give attention, effort e.t.c. to one particular person or subject.
- To make or do something using whether is available, usually because you do not have what you really want.
- Essential, too important to do without.
- Knowledge about the structure and behaviour of the natural and physical world.
- An electronic or machine that can store, organized and find information do calculate and control other machines.
- That teaches people something.
- Things that are needed to do a particular thing.
- Concerning the most basic and important parts of something.
10 TECHNOLOGIES. Scientific knowledge used in practical way.
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