Solving the problem of unemployment through cooperative in order to achieve this, the government should control the population of Education system and compulsory services for graduating youth etc as means of checking un employment rate. The government should come up with several employment scheme like National Directorate Employment (NDE) to provide jobs to its teeming population. The cooperative societies in its mandate to tackle the unemployment problem in Nnewi local Government Area of Anambra state and in Nigeria. On data collection, a survey method was used through a designed structural questionnaire. This was complimented with oral interviews. From the details analysis, the vital point were traced as the ways of solving the problems of unemployment through cooperatives. Based on the information gathered, some summarized findings were made. The co-operative has in its employment a team of professionals. The staff prefer increase in salaries as a major motivation to other options. The leadership style in cooperative is democratize. The recommendation is that management should involve workers in decision making because such act increases the moral of workers.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Approval Page iv
Table of Contents vii
- Background to the Study 1
- Statement of the Problem 5
- Research Questions 6
- Purpose of the Study 6
- Significance of the Study 7
- Scope of the Study 8
- Limitations of the Study 8
- Definition of Terms 9
- Organization of the Study 10
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1 Literature review 11
2.2 Theoretical Framework 23
3.1 Research design 27
3.2 Area of the Study 27
3.3 Population of the Study 27
3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques 27
3.5 Methods of Data Collection 28
3.6 Instruments for Data Collection 29
3.7 Reliability of the Instrument 29
3.8 Validity of the Instrument 29
3.9 Distribution and Retrieval of Instrument 30
3.10 Methods of Data Analysis 30
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data Presentation 31
4.2 Analysis of Research Questions 33
4.3 Interpretation of Results 40
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary of findings 42
5.2 Recommendation 45
5.3 Conclusion 45
Appendix A 48
Appendix B 49
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Global unemployment is causing bodies sleepless night several government bodies have setup institution that can find solution to the unemployment. Times these bodies come up with several communiqué that government should control population of Educational system and compulsory services for graduating youth etc. as means of checking unemployment rate. In Africa, particularly Nigeria, unemployment menace have caused the government to come up with employment schemes like National Directorate of Employment (NDE), to provide jobs on its teeming population. However, the government even carried itself reliant programmes so as to impact into its citizenry, the need to develop heir initiative and employ them. Some state government were not left out in trying to fond solution or its teeming populace. Several employment agencies were setup like voluntary services scheme (VSS) at Anambra state, suffice it to say that soon all the effort of government policies, provisions of human and materials subventions training or man power; employment of expatriates has been able to improve employment rate.
Like a mustered seed, an ideology that marched force with European Industrial Revolution of 18th century, particularly in British, not only survived but also was expected to some parts of the world including Nigeria. Co-operative call of sell mutual help, integration of resources to the satisfaction of all contributions identified need(s). Besides “No man is an island” a tree cannot make a forest. People form different background pools their resources voluntarily to form their business ventures as to satisfy their expectation. The act of carrying out these activities is called co-operative society.
Therefore in Anambra state, particularly Nnewi North Local Government Area, this research activity is conducted as to know the level or impact of co-operative in reducing unemployment menace.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Taking cognizance of the time and age we are in now, coupled with the volatile native of the Nigeria economy, being an employee in a very risky affair in view of the problem, the Nigerian Government at all levels as well as private individuals have recently realized the relevant of co-operative businesses enterprises as vehicle for economic development of co-operative business organization. This gesture would not doubt help to solve the unemployment problems for owners and create some employment opportunities for others.
However, this enthusiasm not withstanding, only a few individuals succeeded in the final analysis in setting up their own co-operative business enterprise (Oshagbana 1996:2).
The reason attributed ti this situation include lack of finance or initial capital, lack of access to credit facilities among others. It is a well known fact that in this country, many co-operative business organizations are moribund and only exist in names.
The major reason responsible for this state of affair is the capitalization structure. For instance, in co-operative, both owned capital and loanble funds are found to be insufficient.
Therefore, unless these problems are tackled the emphasis on co-operative may continue to be a mirage. Thus, the dynamic role co-operative business organization are expected top play in our match to economic greatness and the motivation of entrepreneurs in this direction are being realized at all. This is a great dissonance to our national economy.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTION
- What are the role played by the co-operative societies in its mandate to tackle the unemployment in the local government area.
- What determines the working capital on the daily income of co-operative businesses organization.
- What determine the role played by the government to encourage the establishment of more co-operative in Nnewi North L.G.A?
1.4 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The general purpose is to find out hoe the problem of unemployment could be solved through co-operative societies in Nnewi North L.G.A of Anambra state.
The specific purpose includes
- To find out whether or not co-operative societies have enough potentials to generate employment opportunities for the ever growing population of the nation from the point of view of Nnewi North Local Government Area.
- To determine the causes of unemployment in the local government area.
- To reveal the problems caused by unemployment to the local government area socio economic life.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The menace “Unemployment” has become a threat to the Nigeria society in general if the findings of this study is anything to go by there would be of immeasurable value of the following: To the employed, it will be known the working of the co-operative societies in the L.G.A, this will go along way in assisting them secure unemployment or make them self employed. To the staff of the co-operative societies this can serve as a mirror which co-operative staff can see their objective, targets, achievement and importantly, people’s perception of them. To the Federal Government, through this work, the government can use it as a yardstick to measure the effectiveness of co-operative societies. The government can through this work know the workings of co-operatives. To Nigerians in general, this work can be of immense contributions this unemployment prevalent in Nigeria and the steps taken by the government in curbing the menace.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study covers the operations and working of co-operative societies with respect to solving the problems of unemployment in Nnewi North Local Government Area and also alleviating poverty
1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The problems of finance and due to great extent have some hindrance on the researcher’s ability to collect sufficient information needed for this research work.
Some of this official document could not be provided for the sufficient data as required by the research. For instance the members and staff of the co-operative societies could not give some documents with required regards to their operations.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
For the purpose of classification the definition of some terms in this project topic is needed.
PROBLEMS: Is a thing that is difficult to deal with or to understand.
UNEMPLOYMENT: The fact of a number of people not having a job or the number of people without a job co-operative: Co-operative is the coming together of different individuals to solve their common problem by undertaking an economic venture.
1.9 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (background of the study), statement of the problem, purpose of the study, research questions, significance of the study, scope of the study etc. Chapter two being the review of the related literature presents the theoretical framework, conceptual framework and other areas concerning the subject matter. Chapter three is a research methodology covers deals on the research design, area of the study, population of the study, sample and sampling techniques, methods of data collection, instruments for data collection, reliability of the instruments, validity of the instruments, distribution and retrieval of instruments and methods of data analysis. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.
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