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This study looked into the impact of strike action in the achievement of trade union aims in organization in specific interest of Nigeria union of Teachers (NUT) Enugu State. In carrying this work, relevant research questions on hypothesis were given as reading assumptions. Relevant literatures were reviewed with aim at authenticating the issue under study. The researcher used descriptive design for the project layout on respondents of data collection (questionnaire). The data on the respondent’s responses analyzed using simple table and percentage for the test of hypothesis, the statically tools chi-square was used. One of the result of the finding showed that workers join the union to the purpose of promoting and depending their employment and ensuring job security. Based on these findings, certain recommendations were made which includes managements should sit up to settle disputes to the latent stage and that workers should be made to have sense of job security so as to enhance organizational productivity.














Title page                                                                     i

Approval page                                                               ii

Dedication                                                                    iii

Acknowledgment                                                           iv

Abstract                                                                       v

Table of contents                                                           vi


1.0  Introduction                                                           1

1.1  Background of the study                                           1

1.2  Statement of the problem                                         3

1.3  Objective of the study                                              5

1.4  Research Questions                                                 5

1.5  Significance of the study                                          6

1.6  Scope of the study                                                  7

1.7  Limitation of the study                                             8

1.8  Definition of terms                                                  9


2.0  Literature review                                                     11

2.1  Introduction                                                           11

2.2  The early days and development of unionism in

Nigeria                                                                  14

2.3  The objective and functions of trade union                   15

2.4  Strike                                                                    19

2.5  Evaluation of strike as one of the tools of trade unions  22


3.0  Research design and methodology                             26

3.1  Introduction                                                           26

3.2  Research design/methods used                                  26

3.3  Sources/method of data collection                              27

3.4  Population and sampling size                                     28

3.5  Sampling techniques                                                29

3.6  Validity and Reliability of measuring instrument            29

3.7  Method of data analysis                                            30


4.0  Data presentation/Analysis of data                             31

4.1  Introduction                                                           31

4.2  Data presentation                                                   32


5.0  Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations 44

5.1  Summary of findings                                                44

5.2  Conclusion                                                             45

5.3  Recommendations                                                   46

5.4  Areas for further research                                         47

Bibliography                                                           48













       The early 70s saw and witnessed the end of political crises and at its time organized labour which was put into the loffin during the civil war was once release free its dilemma of whether or not to forget industrial action in the life rest national security. With the civil was, labour militate its demand for improvement in the usage structure and other condition of the employment throughout the country. Workers protest coupled with the government growing realization of poor economic states of the working class ultimately led to the establishment of certain commission like the Adebo commission.

Since 1970 to the present time, workers demand have increased could not satisfy the need of the employees in the faces of the economics recessions which employees force management to access to their demand. In this study however, we are going to examine the cause of strike, its consequences and effectiveness as a weapon of trade union in achieving their aims. Mention of course would briefly be made of the history and development of trade unionism in Nigeria.

Strike as defined by section 37(1) of trade dispute Act no 7, 1976 is a cessation of work by a body of employed persons understanding of any number of employed persons to continue to work for an employer inconsequence of a dispute, done as a means of compelling their employer on any person or body persons employed to aid other workers.

As it stands, that force strike is one word that torn the flash of management. Each time a strike occurs, substantial out is lost during the first general strike of 1945, 1993 (Asu strike) Jan 2000 (NLC strike) when the government disagreed with civil servant wages and allowances about thirty working days we lest. Output dropped substantial, as a request government had to upgrade salaries in a bid to resolve between 1980, 82, 1993 and 1999 to 2000 respectively, there was a spot of industrial and trade disputes and work stoppages in the country requiting in a high loss in man hours and productivity. This spate of industrial unrest was evidently resulting of lack of adequate attention to the human labour in business organization. There has been grant sagging the fact that a human factor itself paramount importance in industry, commercial and civil services.

The management pre-occupation with maximizing profit has always made them to pay little of no attention to the human factor in the organization. This relegation of the human factors to the background by management has been a serious but latent cause of increase in strike action on with its resultant consequences. It is the purpose of this work to probe into this and acquaint the management with the tools for combating this hydra headed monster.



The unstable industrial related climate in Nigeria just within the last decade has resulted in all time record of cost working hours, unprecedented work stoppages as a result of strike.

In the first six months of the year 1982, Nigeria lost a total of 4,598 man-hours because of strike action by workers. This represented a 34% increase in the first cost during the first half of 1959 and is even more than 100% higher than occurrence. There are many others in the hundred of resorted officially four is against this background that is research effort is consummated with the definite mission of providing answers to the following questions:

  • Are such trade disputes and industrial unrest of unsettled grievance
  • What chances exist for handling the grievance?
  • It strike occurs, what are the procedures for setting them?
  • Is strike the only effective means of achieving union aims?





The objective of this study is to probe into the effectiveness of strike actions as a means of achieving union aims from management. The study is based on a case study of the Nigeria union of teachers (NUT) Enugu State.

Precisely, the study is focused on the following issues: tools for achieving union demand from management strike action in achieving union aim measured against the regular occurrence of strike actions. The recommendations which will be based mainly on the findings of this research will be if implemented straighten the effectiveness of strike action as means of achieving union aims if one the other hand the study suggests  a better way of achieving union aims than strike then of cause that mentioned will be recommended.



  • What benefits have you derived by belonging to union?
  • Do you think you should achieve your aim in a non-unionized group?
  • Has strike action helped your union to obtain its demand from management?
  • What do you consider to be the most effective way of setting s strike action when it occurs?
  • What are the effects of strike action on achieving economic growth?



       This study is intended to help union members of any establishment organization either public or private toward realizing the importance of well organized strike action that will bring about growth on the organization. It also will help government parastatals towards solving employee grievances and strike actions.

Teachers in particular will benefit immensely for this work as Nigeria union of teachers was used as the case study. It will help them to know their legitimate rights as employees and how to institute strike as a tool of compelling government to implement certain welfare practices that will boost their moral towards work.

In Nigeria of body both private and public organization are facing a lost of problems owing to strike action by workers and employees. This has inevitable rescued to show productivity in most firms and to some it has been a great employer as confusion is always the resultant effect. This work will therefore be of great important to the employees and employers on the private sector of the economy. Student who went to do a further research on this topic can also benefit from this study, even during assignment and research findings any student that lays his or her hand in this work will improve academically.



The scope of the study to cover the general affairs of the union as regards to the strengths, weakness, opportunity and threat in which the research is based on Nigeria union of teachers Enugu.

The research is conducted to cover and improve the management of the organization on towards Nigeria union of teachers generally.


It is certain that in a research study like this, it is always difficult to cover all possible grounds one would wish to. There are a number of factors which constitute impediments to his accomplishment. First among these factors is time, the short period that is acquired to accomplish and submit this work coupled with the time spent on other courses gave me the highest trouble and hindered me to an extent a more elaborate search into the study.

Again, the data gathering for writing this research paper was being carried on at this time, the Nigeria union of teachers is facing a hard time of non-payment of salaries. This created a great problem of administering the questionnaire to the respondents; this was not possible to collect as much information as one had wished.

Finally, was my greatest constraints, thus it was not possible for me to get at many schools so as to get a more valid information, nevertheless, the research purpose was moderately accomplished not in the least because of these problems but largely in spite of them.



There are some terms that are being used here in this work that I will like to explain more as to enable everybody that comes across this work to understand it better.

  1. Strike: It is a cessation of work by a body of employed persons acting in combination or a concerned refusal to continue under a common understanding of any number of employed persons to continue to work for an employer on any person or body of persons employed to aid other workers.
  2. Grievance: This means real or imagined case for compliant of protest.
  • Trade dispute: It means debating, arguing and quarreling in words when buying and selling of goods or services, exchange of goods for money or other goods.
  1. Economic growth: It means designed to give a profit in the science of production distribution and consumption of goods conditions of a country as to material prosperity.



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