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The ways of generating additional income in academic library is the pivot on which all academic activities revalue in an academic environment. Libraries help the institutions to achieve their stated goals and the fulfillment of this enormous task is dependent on the adequate income of libraries to ensure the realization of the goals and objective of the parent institution. Infact the issue of generating additional income in academic libraries has been a typical for virtually everyone engaged in the education. Against this background, the state of funding as it affects the Alvan Ikoku Libraries is review of identifying problems encountered there in for mark of specificity; this research is divided into five chapters. Chapter one examines the evolution of academics effects of funding, aims and purpose of the study, scope and limitation and the historical development of the tow libraries under study. Chapter two deals with literature review, chapter three, examine the methodology of the present research. Chapter four deals with the data collected from the interview analyzed and discussed. The last chapter five took care of the conclusion and recommendation for the improvement of the deplorable situation of funding of the two libraries under study. Finally there are also references, bibliography and an appendix.



Title page                                                i

Certification                                             ii

Dedication                                               iii

Acknowledgement                                     iv

Abstract                                                  v

Table of contents                                      vi



  • Introduction 1

1.1  Background of the study                     1

1.2  Statement of problem                        5

1.3  Objectives of the study                       6

1.4  Significance of the study                     6

1.5  Scope and limitation of the study         6

1.6  Research questions                                   7

1.7  Definition of terms                             7




  • Literature review 8-15



3.0  Research methodology                        16

3.1  The research population                      16

3.2  Sample selection                                16

3.3  Method of collection                                  17

3.4  Interview schedule                             17

3.5  Observation                                      17

3.6  Procedure for data collection                17



4.0  Data presentation and analysis             18-26



5.0  Summary, Conclusion and recommendation        27

5.1  Summary of findings                                        27

5.3  Conclusion                                                      27

5.4  Recommendation                                             28

Bibliography                                                    30

Appendix                                                        …..

Questionnaire                                                  …..






The Harrods Librarian glossary and reference book defines academic library as those of universities, polytechnics, colleges schools and all their institutions forming part of or associated with reaching and learning.

The contents or collections of academic libraries usually cover many branches of knowledge and may weigh move on those areas having to directly with the aims, purposes or objectives, for which the institutions are established. Funk and waynals new Encyclopedia sees an academic library as college and university libraries which jitters from rezendi libraries in their needs to serve readers with various levels of expertise and in their responsibilities to support the teaching and research programmes of their home institutions such libraries usually obtain most of their financial support from the parent institutions.

Sequel to the definition. It can be deduced that academic libraries operate in accordance with the principle and objectives of the parent body establishing them. All services are geared forwards the academic community, with little or no attention gives to those outside the library community, this to meet the objects which include. To provide references and lending services appropriate to the needs of students and staff of the institution, such materials include dictionaries encyclopedia year books, bibliographies. Another objective of the academic library is to provide an actively information service and this may be extended beyond the institution to the local industries and commercials.



Various sources by which academic library derived their needed funds for capital and recurrent expenses apart from privately owned institution of higher learning, public universities and other publicly owned higher institutions are expected to at list pay their ways.

Academic libraries derived their funds from external and internal sources while the externally derived funds from the parent institution for an academic library and donations form individuals and organizations.



Government/Ownership Grant

Gifts and Private Contributions


Miscellaneous sources of funds.






In the history and development of academic library in Nigeria, the problem of fund is remained an intractable phenomenon.  This factors constitutes the basic and accomplishment of the main aims and objectives of establishing is their fore indispensable in the smooth running of any library. It is an acknowledged fact that no one singular library can buy all print and non prints materials that can adequately meet the needs all user in the academic environment. In the same token it has not been possible for most academic libraries to boast of enough personnel of professional competence and required sense of commitment commensurate to the library services being demanded by its clienteles due to inadequate funding of the libraries by the government. The result of the impending global economic situation on the other hand has drastically affected the attainment or achievement of basic standards in funding in the institutions.



The Alvan Ikoku college of education formally advanced teachers training college Owerri was established in 1962 with an embryo library with stock strength of 2,500 volumes is one of the college buildings at it former temporary site. Called shell camp.

Also on the other hand, a size member commission charged with the responsibility of conducting an investigation into Nigerian’s need in the field of post primary certificate and higher education over the next twenty years (1960-1980) was constituted in 1959, this was headed by Sir Eric Ashaby. The commission deport was submitted in September 1960. in reaction to the report, the federal government issued a while paper to the parliament in 1961. in it, the federal government approved a teacher’s training college in the three regions. Since one of the colleges was to be sited in the Eastern region, its government approached UNESCO for assistance to enable it perform the obligation. This request of this, the college was established.

By the middle of  1967, the library was moved into its permanent shaped building, with a floor space of 10,080 square feet provided by UNESCO its strategic position makes it handy from all sides for both students and staff. In April 1970, the college was re-opened as the Nigerian Civil won ended. After necessary repairs, the structure was again put its use. In April 1973, by edict No. 11 of 1973, the advanced teachers training college was given an autonomous states and renamed Alvan Ikoku college Education. The Institution was  up graded in 1979 to a degree awarding school affiliated to university of Nigeria Nsukka.

Presently, there are five departments of the college library Viz: Administration, Acquisition Technical Services. Several and readers services departments. In terms of stock the library has acquired over $1,891 volumes of body and about 3,684 journal titles. Its collections grew to over 50,000 volumes presently there is not clear art number of its volume.



Academic Library Funding have been a major concern to library managers. For any academic library to fulfill the purposes of its existence and to remain a citadel of knowledge, it must be funded adequately. In many instance the budgetary allocation are not released as act when due.

This is turn delays the implementation of the programmes of these libraries. When the funds are eventually released, it would usually not be up to 50% of the expected sum, most universities especially state owned universities. Academic library managers have complained that the number of journals and newspaper that are being supplied to them on daily and weekly basis fall shaort of thir expectations. The researchers and students alike who are in need pf these materials are not always satisfies with materials on ground. The reasons for the short supply of these materials are attributed to shortage of fund. Added to the above is the shortages of relevant text books as currently being expericed in academic libraries. Inadequate provision of funds has prepared the provision of current materials needed by the provision of current materials needed by the staff and students in academic reduction in the quality of education provide.



This study is restructured to the funding of Alvan Ikoku Library Owerri. Major emphasis was laid on identifying the funding problems associated with the academic library under review Alvan Ikoku librarr.

The researcher limited his works to these of time involve in extending to other academic libraries.

Another reasons for selecting the institutions was to enable him carry out a through work that shall stand the test of time.



The objectives of the study are as follows.

  • To establish what the present situation is with the academic libraries in terms of funding within the period under review.
  • To establish low adequate funding shall facilitate the running of these libraries and enable them achieve their primary objectives.
  • To find alternative source of funding for academic libraries. To highlight problems associated with inadequate funding of academic libraries.
  • To make recommendation on how to overcome inadequate funding and other problems associated with running of academic libraries with social attention with Alvan Ikoku College of Education.



  • Does inadequate funding of academic libraries limit the scope of services provided to the clientele?
  • Does the inability of the parent institution relelase fund as at when due to the managers of academic libraries minimize their ability of acquire library materials?
  • Does the inability of the managers of academic libraries to exploit other sources of revenue limit their available fund?
  • Does the inability of the parent policies still affects the funding of their academic libraries?
  • Does lack of honesty on the part of libraries hinder academic libraries from living up to expectations?



ACADEMIC LIBRARY: Library Built in college of university for student use.

FUNDING: Making money available for the running of librarians.

LIBRARIANS: Professional staff in charge of the library.

ACQUISITION: Collecting of library materials



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