Language plays an important role in the society and this leads to the study of code mixing in relation to sociolinguistics and how code mixed utterances have been triggered as a result of language gap, stylistic motivations, domains, societal factors, message intrinsic factors, physical settings and situational factors. This work examined how these motivations have resulted in code mixed utterances by critically analyzing randomly selected utterances from the randomly selected songs of artistes in the Nigerian music industry. It was discovered that English language has adapted to the Nigerian context which brings out the creative and unpredictable nature of language users. It is therefore safe to conclude that motivations for code mixing enhance communication among cadres of people linguistically united or disjointed.
OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
N.E – Nigerian English
B.E – British English
L1 – First Language
L2 – Second Language
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Operational Definition of Terms vi
Table of Contents vii
Background to the Study 1
Statement of Research Problem 1
Aims and Objectives 2
Delimitation and Limitation 2
Code Mixing 8
Motivations for Code Mixing 11
Message Intrinsic Factors 12
Situational Factors 12
Language Gap 13
Societal Factors 13
Physical Setting 14
Stylistic Motivations 14
Functions of Code Mixing 15
Phonetics and Phonology 15
Morphology and Syntax 17
Lexis and Structure 18
Datum One 20
Datum Two 22
Datum Three 24
Datum Four 25
Datum Five 27
Datum Six 28
Datum Seven 30
Datum Eight 33
Datum Nine 35
Datum Ten 38
SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION
- BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Society impinges on language, and language impinges on the society. Hence, there must be a relationship existing between language and society. The interdependency of these two entities – language and society led to the study of sociolinguistics. Sociolinguistics is the study of all aspects of linguistics applied towards the connections between language and society, and the way we use it in different language situations.
Language is seen as a unifying force and a common ground among various people through which effective communication is carried out. It has however been noticed that even within the same language, there are different ways or styles of speaking. The contact English language had with Nigeria and her indigenous languages and a bid to communicate effectively across and within ethnic boundaries (cases of intra and inter ethnic communication), led to code mixing.
- STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM
The multilingual nature of the country and some individuals’ multilingual or bilingual competence and the inter-language relationship existing between English language and over four hundred indigenous languages in Nigeria have led to code-mixing in conversation, discourse and communicative competence. These lead to the following questions
- Is there any limit(s) or constraint(s) to code-mixing?
- Is code-mixing really necessary in discourse?
- What informs code-mixing?
- AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
This research is informed by questions arising from code-mixing in the lyrics of songs in the Nigerian music industry. This research focuses on some songs in which Yoruba language predominates in the Pidginize English medium used. This research attempts at discovering why the artistes code mix in their songs.
This study will examine the various reasons and motivations for code-mixing. This study will look at how the artistes have arrive at a communicative end via code-mixing and examines the success or otherwise of this trend.
1.4 DELIMITATION AND LIMITATION
Due to the researcher’s level of proficiency, knowledge and understanding of the English, Yoruba and Pidgin languages, the researcher will cover some selected songs in the Nigerian music industry in which these languages are used.
To achieve the success of this research work, the work is limited to code-mixing.
This is regarded as an addition to the existing stock of researches on the subject of code-mixing. However, to the knowledge of the researcher, no work has done a study of code-mixing as a sociolinguistic medium in the Nigerian music industry. This study aims at tackling code-mixing as used in the lyrics of songs of some artistes in the Nigerian music industry. This study will therefore be useful to students of sociolinguistics generally.
Ten songs will be chosen randomly from the lists of songs in the Nigerian music industry and these songs will be analyzed alongside the reasons and motivations for code-mixing.
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