Page Length: 102

Size: 334 KB

Format: PDF & Word


Title Page i
Approval Page ii
Dedication iii
Acknowledgment iv
Table of content vi
Abstract x
1.1 Conceptual Framework 1
1.2 Background of the Research Problem 2
1.3 Statement of Problem 4
1.4 Objectives of the Study 4
1.5 Hypothesis for the Study 5
1.6 Significance of the Study 5
1.7 Motivation for the Study 6
1.8 Format for the Study 6
1.9 Definition of Terms 7
Literature Review
2.1 Introduction to Motivation 9
2.2 Organizations 17
2.2.1 Definitions of Organization 18
2.2.2 Basic Elements of an Organization 20
2.3 Management Concepts 21
2.3.1 Functions of Management 23
2.4 Concept of Personnel Management 25
2.4.1 Functions of Personnel Management 26
2.4.2 Operative Functions of Personnel Management 27
2.5 Negative Staff Motivation and Its Impact
Towards Organizational Performance 29
2.6 Application of Equitable Motivating Factors 31
2.7 Correlation of Motivation, Staff Performance
And Organizational Achievement 36
2.7.1 Identification and Analysis of the
Correlation of the Variables 38
2.7.2Measurement Scale of the Variables 39
Research Methodology
3.0 Introduction 40
3.1 Design of the Study 41
3.2 Area of the Study 42
3.3 Data Source and Collection 43
3.4 Population of the Study 44
3.5 Sample and Sampling Techniques 44
3.6 Instrument for Data Collection 45
3.7 Validity and Reliability 46
3.8 Method of Data Analysis 47
3.9 Problems and Limitation of Study 48
Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1 Introduction 50
4.2 Description of Zenith Bank Plc 50
4.3 Testing Hypothesis 60
Discussions of Findings
5.0 Introduction 67
5.1 Discussions of Finding of Hypotheses 68
5.1.1 Finding from Hypothesis One 68
5.1.2 Finding from Hypothesis Two 70
5.1.3 Findings from Hypothesis Three 71
5.4 Implications of Findings 73
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
6.0 Introduction 76
6.1 Summary of findings 79
6.2 Conclusion 81
6.3 Recommendations 82
6.4 Suggestions for Further Studies 83
References 84
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
This research identified the relationship of improved staff
performance and organizational achievement beyond targets
among the employees of Zenith Bank Plc, Awka. Staff
motivation (independent variable) leads to “improved” staff
performance (dependent variable) with either negative or
positive results depending on the staff perception of equity
and inequity rewards. The study discovered that integrative
management styles and contingent leadership measures are
vital for effective functioning of the organization. These were
attained using a sample of 45 respondents (25 senior staff
and 20 junior staff) of the organization using stratified
probability sampling technique. The primary and secondary
sources of data used in the study were validated on face and
content value and were analyzed using Chi-square tools.
The findings of this study revealed that all employees of the
Bank are motivated by monetary incentives and that there
is a significant relationship between staff motivation and
organizational performance. The study therefore,
recommends that financial incentives should be sustained,
other reward alternatives should be explored as to integrate
various interests, regular training of staff should be
embarked on, management should be flexible, approachable
but focused while driving the staff towards organizational
goals and employees should be consulted directly or
indirectly or given options to choose for reward.
The conceptual framework adopted for the analysis of
the study is drawn from Fredrick Hertzberg’s “Two factor or
Hygiene Maintenance Theory of Motivation”.
The assumptions of the theory are that need
satisfaction and motivational effects of these satisfactions
are embedded on intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The
intrinsic factors are tagged motivators or satisfiers and
involve elements like recognition, work itself (achievements),
responsibility and individual growth. Conversely, the
extrinsic factors called dissatisfiers or hygiene factors
involves salary (money), organizational policy, promotion,
supervisor-subordinate relationship and working condition
are seen as having almost no impact in improving job
satisfaction hence they motivate insignificantly.
However the presence of the satisfiers motivates the
staff and vice versa while the presence of dissatisfiers
neither decrease motivation nor increase it, but may affect
staff job satisfaction. (Onwuchekwa, 1995:131-132 and NIM
Chartered, p.15)
The theory is adopted because it is able to capture the
scenario in the organization where money reward is
Management of business organizations are tasked with
the major function of utilizing human and material
resources in the attainment of organizational goals.
Leadership style in business organizations, particularly
financial institutions, which abinitio is human-faced is
faced with the challenged of satisfying customer’s interest
as well as the attainment of organizational objectives of
profit and staff welfare.
However, the spontaneous growth and challenges
resulting from the recapitalization twisted management style
and ideology from human relations theory towards scientific
or machine theory, not only in the organization of study, but
also in some growing business organizations. The
consequence of this is the near neglect of staff motivations.
Management thinking is that since staff is highly paid, they
ought to devote their entire life in the service of the
organization. Workers are thereby treated more as tools that
could be used and dumped at the whims of management.
This is visible in terms of heavy work load or
assignment of untenable targets. When these demands are
not met, job security of the staff is threatened.
The thesis of the equity theory of motivation used for
analysis shows that motivation ought to be balanced when
applied, so as to be relevant to its purpose. This is because
over-reward or under-rewards result to inequity and
consequently, the failure of the essence of motivation.
Moreover, a factor may play an important role in
determining the inter-relationship between motivation and
increased productivity. Such factors like providing
opportunity for personal need fulfillment (i.e. reward
opportunities) to each worker in a way that encourages his
or her productivity for the organizational. A worker is
motivated by opportunities to achieve and satisfy unfulfilled
needs, the perceived opportunities is seen as incentive and
personalized motivator.
It is pertinent to state that it is the misapplication of
these salient motivators that necessitates a study of this
nature to serve across various business organizations.
The statement of problem in this study is to
investigate and find out if employee or staff motivation
improves organizational performance. On the basis of the
information from this study, some recommendations will be
made on staff motivation and organizational performance.
The objectives of the study are:
1. To create information about employee motivation
and organizational performance.
2. To find out if motivation improves employee
3. To find out if motivation improves organizational
4. To find out the impact of incentives on
organizational performance.
5. To make suggestion on how to improve employee
motivation and organizational performance.
Hypothesis I
Monetary incentives have no impact on employee
Hypothesis II
There is no significant relationship between staff motivation
and organizational performance.
Hypothesis III
There is no significant relationship between employee
motivation and individual employee productivity in the
The importances to be derived from the study are as
a. It will serve as a source of reference for future
b. It will guide management of business organizations in
proper selection of equitable motivational options that
will spur staff towards higher performance.
c. Business organizations and their customers will
benefit from the improved performance of staff duly
The propelling interest for the study is to find the
causes of job dissatisfaction and poor performance among
staff of business organizations.
This study was structured into six chapters for easy
analysis and comprehension. Chapter one deals with
introduction, theoretical framework, problem statement,
objective of study, hypothesis and significance of study as
well as definition of terms.
In chapter two, thesis of related literature were
reviewed. Items like motivation, elements of an organization,
concept of management, and concept of personnel
management are treated. Also analyzed are motivating
factors for improved staff performance, and finally,
application of motivating factors towards higher
performance of business organizations.
Chapter three dealt with methodology, design, sample
and sampling techniques, population of study, area of
study, instrumentation and instrument for data collection.
Chapter four tackled data presentation and analysis while
chapter five discussed findings. Finally, chapter six makes a
summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations.
The following terms were defined in the context of their
relevance to the study.
Motivation: The act of stimulating or causing someone
to behave better than previous performances.
Training: The process of preparing workers for effective
and efficient job performance.
Development: The act or process of improving on the
existing skills of workers for higher performance of jobs.
Job Satisfaction: A feeling of pleasure due to
contentment from conditions of work.
Job Dissatisfaction: A feeling of displeasure due to
discontentment from conditions of work .
Basic Needs: The requirements for clothing, food, and
shelter due to their relevance to life sustenance.
Higher Order Needs: The requirements for esteem, social
belongingness and self actualization which are secondary to
life sustenance.
Productivity: Efficiency in creation of goods and services
compared in terms of time, human and materials resources.
Over-reward: Compensation of staff above his input –output
Under-rewards: Compensation of staff below his input –
output relations.
Equitable Rewards: Compensation of staff in equal ratio of
input –output relations.
Job Input: The contribution of staff service towards
Job Output: The result of the contribution of staff services
towards production


DISCLAIMER: All project works, files and documents posted on this website, are the property/copyright of their respective owners. They are for research reference/guidance purposes only and some of the works may be crowd-sourced. Please don’t submit someone’s work as your own to avoid plagiarism and its consequences. Use it as a reference/citation/guidance purpose only and not copy the work word for word (verbatim). The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own study. is a repository of research works where works are uploaded for research guidance. Our aim of providing this work is to help you eradicate the stress of going from one school library to another in search of research materials. This is a legal service because all tertiary institutions permit their students to read previous works, projects, books, articles, journals or papers while developing their own works. This is where the need for literature review comes in. “What a good artist understands is that nothing comes from nowhere. The paid subscription on is a means by which the website is maintained to support Open Education. If you see your work posted here by any means, and you want it to be removed/credited, please contact us with the web address link to the work. We will reply to and honour every request. Please notice it may take up to 24 – 48 hours to process your request.

WeCreativez WhatsApp Support
Administrator (Online)
Hello and welcome. I am online and ready to help you via WhatsApp chat. Let me know if you need my assistance.