The final sections of the research work are the summary, conclusion, and suggestions. This must be present in all research projects, whether qualitative and quantitative. When reading a research piece (a thesis or research article), the readers immediately turn to the summary, conclusion, and suggestion to see if they can identify what the dissertation is saying as it is frequently in this chapter.

The gap in the literature mentioned in the introduction denotes the topic the researchers chose to investigate and the conclusions they reach at the end of their research. What they learned from it and what they can educate us about the subject. Do they match what was anticipated? Whether true or false, why? Instead of being a general statement, the thesis is likely to be a very logical and tentative assumption.

Nearly every research study ends by urging other academics to continue the work by emphasizing the need for greater research on the subject. Please do not mistake this rule, which is only a tradition, for the thesis. In an effort to make sense of their findings, the researchers frequently include comprehensive information regarding potential future study that might or could be conducted. The steps listed below will help you develop a strong chapter five:

Step 1: Summary

It is now time to go through each section and highlight the critical statements. What information does the reader have to fully comprehend the article’s central argument or inference? Remember that a summary does not necessitate rephrasing every single line of the article. The idea is to identify the main elements while excluding any background knowledge or optional information. A summary of findings reveals and summarises the most critical factors and outcomes of a study, including the best theoretical boundaries and the finality of the substantiation for each result. It tells the reader what has been done, how it has been done, and the study results. An engaging summary of findings allows the readers to see as many or more minor findings and just about relevant data about each result, see effect estimates presented in various ways, and view clarifications of the evidence supplied.

Step 2: Conclusions

After analysing the literature, the conclusion should aid in understanding why the study is essential to them. A conclusion is a synthesis of critical elements, not just a description of the points or a re-statement of the problem statement. For most research studies, one well-developed paragraph suffices as a conclusion. However, a two- or three paragraph conclusion may be considered necessary in some situations. It is vital to include a conclusion in a thesis, journal article or dissertation to inform the readers of the strength and effect of the assertions in the study. Concluding statements in a thesis can also aid in refocusing the reader’s attention on the quality statements and verifiable details of the research. Conclusions can also form a foundation for further research, generate new ideas to address an issue raised in the thesis or propose novel approaches to a problem. Consider the steps below to help you get started when writing the conclusion of your study:

  1. Restate the research topic.
  2. Reiterate the thesis (objective of the study).
  3. Make a summary of the main points.
  4. Mention the relevance or outcomes.
  5. Wrap up your thoughts.

Avoidable Issues

  1. Inability to be concise.
  2. Inability to make a statement on more significant, more important issues.
  3. Failure to expose problems leads to adverse outcomes.
  4. Inability to provide a brief overview of what was observed.
  5. Failure to align the research aim and objectives.
  6. Refrain from apologizing.

Step 3: Recommendations

You may have already created suggestions for future studies in the discussion, but the recommendation is a great place to explain, taking into account the potential ramifications of your research results for practice and theory. The recommendations should be premised on the conclusions of the study.

Specific instances

  1. Predicated on these conclusions, managers should consider… Additional researches could address…
  2. Further research is necessary to confirm the causative factors of/effects of/relationship between…

Avoid overstating the practicability of the study. If you’re making policy, business, or other policy implications, it’s best to structure them as suggestions instead of instructions. Academic research aims to educate, demonstrate, and explore rather than to instruct.

Make sure not to undermine the research carried out when making recommendations for additional research. Academic research aims to educate, demonstrate, and explore rather than to instruct.

Make sure not to undermine the research carried out when making recommendations for additional research.

Step 4: Recommendations for further study

Future studies may confirm, build on, or supplement your findings, but they should not be considered necessary to accomplish them. Highlight the contributions. Make sure the reader understands how the study has contributed to knowledge in the field in focus.

The suggestions for further study should address other areas that your study did not cover. That is, suggestions for further study should expand on the limitations and scope of your study.

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